Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Serraninae
Etymology: Serranus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 27 - 400 m (Ref. 47377), usually 27 - 180 m (Ref. 9710). Subtropical; 33°N - 34°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Bermuda and South Carolina, USA through northeastern Gulf of Mexico and Yucatan, Mexico to southeastern Brazil (Ref. 47377).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
soft rays: 7. Body pale brown with 3 vertical dark brown bars; a vertical silver bar just anterior to anus, chest silver; spinous dorsal fin dusky with a black blotch, soft dorsal fin dark brown; pectoral and anal fins dusky; pelvic fin dark brown; caudal fin dusky with upper and lower marginal yellow lines (Ref. 13608).
A solitary species (Ref. 26340) inhabiting rocky areas. Synchronously hermaphroditic. Feed mainly on shrimps, less on crabs and bivalves (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18 - 27.5, mean 24.7 (based on 218 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00521 - 0.02309), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .