Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 300 - 2626 m (Ref. 44036). Deep-water
Indo-West Pacific: Bay of Bengal (Ref. 26282), Solomon Sea (Ref. 6993), New Zealand (Ref. 5755), and Japan (Ref. 35851). Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). South China Sea (Ref.74511)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44036)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 27;
Vertebrae: 46. Body moderately elongate, deep strongly compressed. Body and head naked. Skin smooth, delicate and easily torn. Head and body dark brown with brassy green iridescence in alcohol (Ref. 35851).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kailola, P.J., 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea. A revised and annotated checklist. Vol. 1. Myxinidae to Synbranchidae. Research Bulletin No. 41. Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. 194 p. (Ref. 6993)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.8 - 7.7, mean 4.7 (based on 1184 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7539 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00157 - 0.01105), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .