Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pempheridae
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Information on distribution attached to this species may be in error ; data will be corrected as soon as possible following Randall et al., 2014 (Ref. and (Ref. 106074
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 20 m (Ref. 48636). Tropical
Indian Ocean: from Visakhapatnam and Tuticorin on the east coast of India, and Kovalam in Kerala on the southwest coast.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6645)
soft rays: 34 - 42;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 49-60 pored lateral-line scales; 4.5-5.5 scale rows above lateral line; 14-18 (usually 16) circumpeduncular scales; absence of blackish spot on pectoral fin base; usually only the tip of dorsal fin blackish; eye huge, diameter 13.0-15.3% SL, 43.6-51.5% HL; very deep body 44.6-49.1% SL; sides of body usually with irregular faint longitudinal light stripes (Ref. 95675).
Usually solitary in caves or under large overhanging corals to about 20 m depth (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Koeda, K., T. Yoshino, H. Imai and K. Tachinara, 2014. A review of the genus Pempheris (Perciformes, Pempheridae) of the Red Sea, with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3793(3):301-330. (Ref. 95675)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.1 - 29.2, mean 28 (based on 1128 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00666 - 0.03770), b=2.99 (2.78 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .