Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes
(Sawbellies) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 9 m (Ref. 27370). Subtropical; 30°N - 5°N
Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands; Pohnpei and Kosrae, Caroline Islands; Palau.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27370)
soft rays: 9. Light orange-red body, with a narrow darker red stripe running between longitudinal scale rows; spinous dorsal fin red, spine tips and adjacent membranes white, a blackish blotch on first and second membranes and whitish blotch in the middle of each membrane and adjacent to preceding spine. Four oblique rows of scales on cheek. Body depth 2.6-2.75 in SL; head length 2.5-2.65 in SL; snout length 4.6-4.9 in head length; interorbital width 5.15-5.35 in head length. Mouth slightly inferior. Maxilla nearly reaching or just to a vertical at rear edge of the pupil, upper jaw length 2.4-2.55 in head length; premaxillary groove extending to or slightly posterior to a vertical at anterior edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone terminating in 2 diverging spines or a single spine that projects laterally; surface and posterior edge of nasal bone without spinules; small nasal fossa, posterior edge with 1 or 2 large spinules, the anterior edge with 0 to 1; upper edge of suborbital bones with serrated ridge, preceded by a posterolaterally projecting short spine; preopercular spine, 2/3 times in orbit diameter, 3.6-4.3 in head length; longest 4th dorsal spines, 2.2-2.9 in head length; third anal spine 1.45-1.65 in head length (Ref. 27370).
A secretive species during the day (Ref. 1602).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00806 - 0.03417), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .