Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical
Indian Ocean: coasts of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10086)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 8 - 10;
soft rays: 6 - 7;
Vertebrae: 25. Spines absent on supraorbital ridge of frontal in juveniles; transition from cycloid to ctenoid scales initiated at around 120 mm SL; all body scales, except on throat, ctenoid over 200 mm SL; scales absent on soft parts of dorsal and anal fins; lateral line scales covered with small, subsidiary scales; cephalic portion of swimbladder appendage terminating on carotid foramen of cranium (Ref 10086).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K., 1995. A review of the Indo-West Pacific sciaenid genus Panna (Teleostei, Perciformes). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 42(1):27-37. (Ref. 10086)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00425 - 0.01868), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .