Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Apsilinae
Etymology: Lipocheilus: Greek, lipos = fat + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 90 - 340 m (Ref. 9821). Deep-water; 33°N - 16°S, 59°E - 167°E (Ref. 55)
Indo-West Pacific: Arabian Sea to Vanuatu, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9821); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
soft rays: 8. Mouth large, adults with a thick, fleshy protrusion at anterior end of upper lip. Maxilla without scales. Interorbital space flattened to convex. Dorsal and anal fins without scales. Last dorsal and anal soft rays not produced. Pectoral fins long, reaching beyond level of anus. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line.
Adults are found over rocky bottoms of the continental shelf. Probably feed on fishes and large invertebrates.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.8 - 23.4, mean 18.3 (based on 189 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01158 - 0.04134), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 5.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .