Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Cleithracara: Greek, kleithro = to close + tupí guaraní, Acará, the name of a fish in Amazonas river (Ref. 45335); maronii: Named for its type locality, the Maroni River (Ref. 27188). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: ? - 20. Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672)
South America: Trinidad (impersistent), Orinoco River basin (delta), rivers from Barima River (Guyana) to Ouanary River (French Guiana).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
Inhabits small creeks in the coastal zone, which have clear water and little current (Ref. 7020) and is rich in decaying wood (Ref. 35237). Feeds on worms, crustaceans and insects (Ref. 7020). When faced with danger, this fearful species fix itself against a log adapting its color pattern to the substrate. Parents take care of the spawned eggs, numbering about 400, which are laid down on a flat stone (Ref. 35237).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawns on hard substrate; produces up to 600 eggs; both parents guard eggs and larvae (Ref. 40602).
Kullander, S.O. and H. Nijssen, 1989. The cichlids of Surinam: Teleostei, Labroidei. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. 256 p. (Ref. 26372)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: highly commercial
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02818 (0.01439 - 0.05521), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .