Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Distichodontidae
Etymology: Xenocharax: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: middle Congo River basin in Congo Republic (Ref. 52343, 114931), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 93897, 114931) and Cameroon (Ref. 114931).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114931)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13 - 15. Diagnosis: Xenocharax crassus is distinguished from Xenocharax spilurus by the presence of a large black mark located anteriorly on the dorsal fin, vs. absence; a small, round, black spot at the posterior half of the caudal peduncle and covering a total of 4 to 6 scales, ±2 to 3 scales in horizontal and vertical direction alike, vs. a large ovoid spot covering a total of about 35 to 46 scales, ±8 to 10 scales in horizontal and vertical direction alike; and a wider mouth, 29-34% of head length vs. 24-29% (Ref. 114931). In addition, for the specimens of similar sizes, X. crassus has a shorter dorsal-adipose distance than X. spilurus; further, most X. crassus specimens have 6 supraneurals vs. 7 in X. spilurus (Ref. 52343, 114931).
Found almost exclusively in forested tributaries or in savannah streams under dense gallery forest (Ref. 114931).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pellegrin, J., 1900. Poissons nouveaux du Congo français. Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris, 6(3):98-101. (Ref. 52343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .