Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Timorichthys: Generic name refers to the Timor Sea, from which the holotype originated.; disjunctus: Name from Latin disjunctus meaning separated or distant; referring to the position of the anus midway between the tip of the snout and the origin of the anal fin; an adjective. More on authors: Nielsen & Schwarzhans.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 392 m (Ref. 88959). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: Timor Sea, off northwestern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88959)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 46;
Vertebrae: 52. This species is distinguished by the following characters: position of anus halfway between tip of snout and origin of anal fin; non-tapering and compressed body; head short with blunt snout; no scales and lateral line; vertical fins joined; pectoral radials not prolonged; mouth oblique, ending well behind eye; weak opercular spine covered by skin; anterior nostril close to upper lip, ending in distinct tube; palatines with few, small teeth; few, large head pores: anterior infraorbital pores 3, a pair of anterior mandibular pores at lower jaw symphysis and 1 posterior mandibular pore behind termination of maxilla; otolith with small, undivided, centrally placed sulcus; dorsal fin rays 74, anal fin rays 46, pectoral fin rays 11 or 12; vertebrae 16+36; anterior gill arch with 6 long rakers (Ref. 88959).
This species is viviparous, living near to, or on, the bottom on the deep northwestern Australian Plateau (Ref. 88959).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G. and W. Schwarzhans, 2011. A new genus and species of Bythitidae (Teleostei: Ophidiiformes) from northwestern Australia. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, 27:143-146. (Ref. 88959)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .