Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae
Etymology: Pomoxis: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, oxys = sharp (Ref. 45335); annularis: annularis--having rings, referring to the bars on the body (Ref. 10294). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; ? - 31°C (Ref. 12741); 40°N - 35°N
North America: Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and Mississippi River basins from New York, USA and from Ontario, Canada west to Minnesota and South Dakota and south to the Gulf of Mexico in the USA; Gulf drainages from Mobile Bay in Georgia and Alabama to Nueces River in Texas, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 53.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 2.4 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 12193)
Occurs in sand-bottomed and mud-bottomed pools and backwaters of creeks and small to large rivers, and lakes and ponds. Often found in turbid water (Ref. 5723, 10294). Adult feeds on forage fishes such as shad (Ref. 10294). Younger crappie consumes small invertebrates, including microcrustaceans and small insects (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Deposits eggs in a variety of aquatic plants.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00889 - 0.01234), b=3.08 (3.03 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4; Fec up to 140,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .