Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
South America: Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay (Uruguay River and Dos Patos system). Reported from a wide region with estimated values for criterion B: EOO = 251.934 sq. km and AOO = 72 sq. kml; thus according to IUCN criteria it can be categorized as a species of Least Concern (Ref. 121236).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 121236)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. This species is distinguished from all its congeners, except H. affinis, H. punctatus, H. ancistroides, H. commersoni, by the following characters: teeth bifid (vs. spoon-shaped); dark spots on light background (vs. light spots on a dark background or not spotted); with 4 rough lateral ridges on flanks (vs. no strong ridges on flanks); lateral series plates 26-29 (vs. < 28 in several species, 31-32 in H. laplatae); differs from H. laplatae with 1-2 plates bordering posterior margin of supraoccipital bone (vs. 3-4); differs from H. affinis, H. punctatus, H. ancistroides by its inter-dorsal distance 14.7-20.4% in SL (vs. 18.9-21.0%) and with head depth 48.8-76.4% in HL (vs. 48.2-49.9%); differs from H. commersoni by having large lateral ridges with odontodes posteriorly inclined (vs. fine and with odontodes in all directions), strong lateral ridges in caudal peduncle (vs. weak), mid lateral ridge from 2nd or 3rd plate (vs. from first plate), adults (> 12 cm SL) with a very weak ridge on temporal plate (vs. strong ridge) (Ref. 121236).
This species was collected on substrate mainly composed of sand, oxygenated waters (8.4-9.0 mg/l) with moderate current; water turbidity was 22.4-74.2 NTU., conductivity 567-1909 ?S/cm, pH 7.6-8.3, and temperature 19.8-25.3°C (Ref. 121236). Feeds on organic material (detritus) on the bottom (Ref. 6868).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cardoso, Y. P., F. Brancolini, L. Protogino, A. Paracampo, S. Bogan, P. Posadas and J. I. Montoya-Burgos, 2019. An integrated approach clarifies the cryptic diversity in Hypostomus Lacépède 1803 from the Lower La Plata Basin. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciéncias 91(2):e20180131: [1-25]. (Ref. 121236)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): (0 of 100) .