Family Distichodontidae - Distichodus
  Order
:
Distichodontidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 16 | Species : 102 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Africa. Two different groups: one includes micropredators and herbivorous species with non-protractile jaws and variable body shape occuring from shallow to deep waters. the other one (sometimes referred to as Ichthyboridae) includes carnivorous species (on fins or entire fishes) with movable upper jaw and elongated body shapespecies. The subfamily Distichodontinae in FoW1994 (Nelson, 1994: Ref. 7463) was raised to the family level in FoW2006 (Nelson, 2006: Ref. 58010).
  Etymology
:
Greek, di = two + Greek, stix, stichos = line, row (Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | | Otophysa | | | | | | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Citharinoidei | | Distichodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Distichodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Distichodus nefasch (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo nefasch Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal
Salmo niloticus Hasselquist, 1762
synonymotheroriginal
Distichodus niloticus (Hasselquist, 1762)
ambiguousothernew
Salmo aegyptius Gmelin, 1789
synonymjuniororiginal
Distichodus rudolphi Günther, 1896
synonymjuniororiginal
Characinus nefasch (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Citharinus nefasch (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus macrolepis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal
Distichodus schenga Peters, 1852
acceptedseniororiginal
! Distichodus shenga Peters, 1852
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus touteei Pellegrin, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
Distichodus rostratus Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus martini Steindachner, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal
Salmo niloticus (non Hasselquist, 1762)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Salmo aegyptius (non Gmelin, 1789)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Characinus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Citharinus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Distichodus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Distichodus engycephalus (non Günther, 1864)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Distichodus notospilus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus affinis Günther, 1873
acceptedseniororiginal
! Distichodura affine (Günther, 1873)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Distichodus antonii Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus lusosso Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal
! Distichodus lusoso Schilthuis, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
! Distichodus lussosso Schilthuis, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
! Distichodus lussusso Schilthuis, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Distichodus fasciatus (non Vaillant, 1886)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Distichodus petersii Pfeffer, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus albini Steindachner, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal
Distichodus sexfasciatus Boulenger, 1897
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus tanganicae Worthington & Ricardo, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus fasciolatus Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal
! Distichodus fasciatus Boulenger, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
Distichodus martini Schilthuis, 1891
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Distichodus maculatus Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal
! Distichodus maculates Boulenger, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
Distichodus altus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus noboli Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus hypostomatus Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus hypostomatus (non Vaillant, 1886)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Distichodus langi Nichols & Griscom, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus vexillifer Pellegrin, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal
Distichodus teugelsi Mamonekene & Vreven, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Distichodus decemmaculatus (non Pellegrin, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Ichthyborus besse (Joannis, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Characinus besse Joannis, 1835
synonymseniororiginal
Ichthyborus besse besse (Joannis, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Ichthyoborus besse (Joannis, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus microlepis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Ichthyborus ornatus (Boulenger, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Neoborus ornatus Boulenger, 1899
synonymseniororiginal
Phagoborus ornatus (Boulenger, 1899)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus taeniatus Vaillant, 1886
ambiguousotheroriginal
Ichthyborus quadrilineatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Neoborus quadrilineatus Pellegrin, 1904
synonymseniororiginal
Phagoborus quadrilineatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus monodi (Pellegrin, 1927)
acceptedseniornew
Gavialocharax monodi Pellegrin, 1927
synonymseniororiginal
! Ichthyoborus monodi (Pellegrin, 1927)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
Phago loricatus Günther, 1865
acceptedseniororiginal
! Phago rostratus Gunther, 1865
synonymseniororiginal
Phago maculatus Ahl, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal
Phago boulengeri Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal
Phago intermedius Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal
Phago fulica Pellegrin, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannocharax fasciatus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax seyboldi Schultz, 1942
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannocharax niloticus (Joannis, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Coregonus niloticus Joannis, 1835
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannocharax elongatus Boulenger, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal
! Nannochromis elongatus Boulenger, 1900
synonymseniororiginal
Nannocharax brevis Boulenger, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax taenia Boulenger, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax intermedius Boulenger, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax parvus Pellegrin, 1906
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannocharax ocellicauda Boulenger, 1907
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Thrissocharax ocellicauda (Boulenger, 1907)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Nannocharax ansorgii Boulenger, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal
! Nannocharax ansorgei Boulenger, 1911
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannocharax parvus (non Pellegrin, 1906)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Nannocharax ogoensis Pellegrin, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax luapulae Boulenger, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax procatopus Boulenger, 1920
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Nannocharax macropterus Pellegrin, 1926
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax uniocellatus (Pellegrin, 1926)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Nannocharax fasciolaris Nichols & Boulton, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax altus Pellegrin, 1930
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax minutus Worthington, 1933
acceptedseniororiginal
Hemigrammocharax minutus (Worthington, 1933)
synonymseniornew
Nannocharax wittei (Poll, 1933)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Nannocharax hollyi Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax micros Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax monardi (Pellegrin, 1936)
acceptedseniornew
Hemigrammocharax monardi Pellegrin, 1936
synonymseniororiginal
Nannocharax pteron Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal
Lepinannocharax pteron (Fowler, 1936)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax macropterus (non Pellegrin, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Nannocharax niloticus tchadensis Blache & Milton, 1961
ambiguousotheroriginal
Nannocharax lineomaculatus Blache & Miton, 1960
acceptedseniororiginal
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
ambiguousotheroriginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Nannocharax maculicauda Vari & Géry, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax latifasciatus Coenen & Teugels, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax rubrolabiatus Van den Bergh, Teugels, Coenen & Ollevier, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax reidi Vari & Ferraris, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax usongo Dunz & Schliewen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax zebra Dunz & Schliewen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax rubensteini (Jerep & Vari, 2013)
acceptedseniornew
Hemigrammocharax rubensteini Jerep & Vari, 2013
synonymseniororiginal
Nannocharax dageti Jerep, Vari & Vreven, 2014
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax macropterus (non Pellegrin, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Nannocharax hastatus Jerep & Vari, 2014
acceptedseniororiginal
Hemigrammocharax ocellicauda (non Boulenger, 1907)
misappliedmisappliednew
Xenocharax spilurus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal
Xenocharax crassus Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal
Xenocharax spilurus (non Günther, 1867)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannaethiops bleheri Géry & Zarske, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Hemistichodus vaillanti Pellegrin, 1900
synonymjuniororiginal
Neolebias unifasciatus Steindachner, 1894
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannaethiops unifasciatus (Steindachner, 1894)
synonymseniornew
Neolebias univittatus Boulenger, 1899
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannaethiops unitaeniatus (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Neolebias trilineatus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Neolebias tritaeniatus (Boulenger, 1913)
synonymjuniornew
Neolebias ansorgii Boulenger, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal
! Neolebias ansorgei Boulenger, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannaethiops geisleri Hoedeman, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal
Neolebias spilotaenia Boulenger, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal
Congocharax spilotaenia (Boulenger, 1912)
synonymseniornew
Neolebias axelrodi Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal
Neolebias philippei Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal
Neolebias trewavasae Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannaethiops unitaeniatus (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Neolebias unifasciatus (non Steindachner, 1894)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Neolebias gossei (Poll & Lambert, 1964)
acceptedseniornew
Congocharax gossei Poll & Lambert, 1964
synonymseniororiginal
Neolebias gracilis Matthes, 1964
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannaethiops gracilis (Matthes, 1964)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Neolebias powelli Teugels & Roberts, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal
Neolebias lozii Winemiller & Kelso-Winemiller, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal
Eugnathichthys eetveldii Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Eugnathichthys virgatus Stiassny, Denton & Monsembula Iyaba, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Paraphago rostratus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal
Mesoborus crocodilus Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal
! Neoborus crocodilus Pellegrin, 1900
synonymseniororiginal
Champsoborus pellegrini Boulenger, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
Mesoborus pellegrini (Boulenger, 1909)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
! Microstomatichthyoborus bashfordeani Nichols & Griscom, 1917
synonymseniororiginal
Tristichodus christyi Boulenger, 1920
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Paradistichodus dimidiatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Nannocharax dimidiatus Pellegrin, 1904
synonymseniororiginal
Distichodus ansorgii Boulenger, 1911
synonymjuniororiginal
! Distichodus ansorgei Boulenger, 1911
synonymjuniororiginal
Paradistichodus elegans Pellegrin, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
acceptedseniororiginal
! Belonophago hutsebauti Giltay, 1929
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Monotaxinae
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Hemitichodus vaillanti (non Pellegrin, 1900)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Monostichodus lootensi (Poll & Daget, 1968)
acceptedseniornew
Hemistichodus lootensi Poll & Daget, 1968
synonymseniororiginal
Hemistichodus mesmaekersi (non Poll, 1959)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
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