Family Scophthalmidae - Turbots
  Order
:
Scophthalmidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 4 | Species : 9 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Tertiary     Miocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
North Atlantic, Baltic, Mediterranean, Black seas. Eyes on left side; mouth large and lower jaw prominent. Both pelvic fin bases elongate. Egg with a single oil globule in the yolk. Maximum length about 1 m in Psetta maxima.
  Etymology
:
Greek, skopein = to look, watch + Greek, ophthalmos = eye ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
sluggish
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Carangaria | | | Pleuronectiformes | Pleuronectoidei | | Scophthalmidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Scophthalmidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Scophthalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes rhombus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Scophtalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes laevis Turton, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhombus laevis (Turton, 1802)
synonymjuniornew
Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes maximus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Psetta maxima maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Rhombus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes turbot Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal
Pleuronectes cyclops Donovan, 1806
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhombus magnus Minding, 1832
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhombus stellosus Bennett, 1835
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Rhombus aculeatus Gottsche, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Pleuronectes maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Psetta maeotica (non Pallas, 1814)
misappliedmisappliednew
Rhombus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
misappliedmisappliednew
Scophthalmus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
misappliedmisappliednew
Scophthalmus maeoticus (Pallas, 1814)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Psetta maeotica (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
Psetta maxima maeotica (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
Rhombus maeoticus (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
! Scophthalmus maeotica (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
Scophthalmus aquosus (Mitchill, 1815)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes aquosus Mitchill, 1815
synonymseniororiginal
Lophopsetta aquosa (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymseniornew
Zeugopterus punctatus (Bloch, 1787)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Zeugopterus regius (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes regius Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal
Phrynorhombus regius (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Lepidorhombus megastoma (Donovan, 1804)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Lepidorhombus boscii (Risso, 1810)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Arnoglossus boscii (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Hippoglossus boscii (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Rhombus boscii (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
! Lepidorhombus bosci (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Günther, 1862)
acceptedseniornew
Rhombus norvegicus Günther, 1862
synonymseniororiginal
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