Family Synbranchidae - Swamp-eels
  Order
:
Synbranchidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 4 | Species : 25 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : No
  Division
:
Peripheral/diadromous
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Freshwater; occasionally in brackish water; tropical and subtropical. Distribution: Asia, Indo-Australian Archipelago, West Africa (Liberia), Mexico, Central and South America. Eellike fishes. No pectoral and pelvic fins; rudimentary dorsal and anal fins; caudal fin small or rudimentary, or lacking altogether. Small eyes. Gill membranes fused; gill opening a small slit or pore. Four to six branchiostegal rays. No swim bladder. No ribs. With 98-188 vertebrae (abdominal: 51-135). Mostly air breathers. Many are burrowers, some cave dwellers. To over 70 cm maximum length in Ophisternon aenigmaticum.
  Etymology
:
Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, brangchia = gill
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Anabantaria | | | Synbranchiformes | Synbranchoidei | | Synbranchidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Synbranchidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Synbranchus pardalis Valenciennes, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Synbranchus vittatus Castelnau, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Symbranchus hieronymi Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal
Symbranchus doeringii Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal
! Symbranchus doringii Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal
! Symbranchus döringii Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymseniororiginal
Symbranchus tigrinus Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal
Synbranchus mercedarius Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal
Falconeria pinnata Larrañaga, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal
Falconeria aptera Larrañaga, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal
Synbranchus madeirae Rosen & Rumney, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
Synbranchus lampreia Favorito, Zanata & Assumpção, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal
Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793)
acceptedseniornew
Muraena alba Zuiew, 1793
synonymseniororiginal
Fluta alba (Zuiew, 1793)
synonymseniornew
! Monopterus alba (Zuiew, 1793)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
! Aptergia immaculata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Gymnotus albus Zuiew, 1789
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Monopterus javanensis Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal
Unibranchapertura laevis Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
Monopterus laevis (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
! Symbranchus grammicus Cantor, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal
Ophicardia phayriana McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal
! Ophicardia phyariana McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal
Pneumabranchus cinereus McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal
Monopterus cinereus (McClelland, 1844)
synonymjuniornew
Synbranchus xanthognathus Richardson, 1845
synonymjuniororiginal
Monopterus xanthognathus (Richardson, 1845)
synonymjuniornew
Ophicardia xanthognatha (Richardson, 1845)
synonymjuniornew
Monopterus helvolus Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Monopterus marmoratus Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Apterigia saccogularis Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Apterigia nigromaculata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
! Aptergia nigromaculata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Apterigia immaculata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Amphipnous cuchia (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
! Amphinous cuchia (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Ophichthys punctatus Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
! Ophichthys punctata Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Pneumabranchus striatus McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal
Pneumabranchus leprosus McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal
Pneumabranchus albinus McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal
Monopterus hodgarti (Chaudhuri, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
Moringua hodgarti Chaudhuri, 1913
synonymseniororiginal
Amphipnous hodgarti (Chaudhuri, 1913)
synonymseniornew
Monopterus boueti (Pellegrin, 1922)
acceptedseniornew
Typhlosynbranchus boueti Pellegrin, 1922
synonymseniororiginal
Monopterus fossorius (Nayar, 1951)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Monopterus indicus (Silas & Dawson, 1961)
acceptedseniornew
Amphipnous indicus Silas & Dawson, 1961
synonymseniororiginal
Monopterus eapeni Talwar, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal
Monopterus indicus Eapen, 1963
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Monopterus desilvai Bailey & Gans, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
Monopterus roseni Bailey & Gans, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Monopterus bicolor Nguyen & Nguyen, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal
Monopterus dienbienensis Nguyen & Nguyen, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal
Monopterus ichthyophoides Britz, Lalremsanga, Lalrotluanga & Lalramliana, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Monopterus luticolus Britz, Doherty-Bone, Kouete, Sykes & Gower, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Monopterus rongsaw Britz, Sykes, Gower & Kamei, 2018
acceptedseniororiginal
Ophisternon bengalense McClelland, 1844
acceptedseniororiginal
! Ophisternon bengalensis McClelland, 1844
synonymseniororiginal
Synbranchus bengalensis (McClelland, 1844)
synonymseniornew
! Symbranchus bengalensis (McClelland, 1844)
synonymseniornew
Ophisternon hepaticus McClelland, 1844
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Ophisternon gutturale (Richardson, 1845)
acceptedseniornew
Synbranchus gutturalis Richardson, 1845
synonymseniororiginal
Ophisternon afrum (Boulenger, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
! Synbranchus afer Boulenger, 1909
synonymseniororiginal
Symbranchus afer Boulenger, 1909
synonymseniororiginal
Ophisternon infernale (Hubbs, 1938)
acceptedseniornew
Pluto infernalis Hubbs, 1938
synonymseniororiginal
Furmastix infernalis (Hubbs, 1938)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Ophisternon aenigmaticum Rosen & Greenwood, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal
Macrotrema caligans (Cantor, 1849)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
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