Family Oneirodidae - Dreamers
  Order
:
Oneirodidae Oneirodidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 16 | Species : 64 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
From Nelson (1994). Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. (Ref. 7463) Distinguishing character: The single known feature that serves to define this family is that metamorphosed females all possess an antedorsally directed, narrow, spatulate, process that extends over the posterolateral surface of the respective sphenotic. Although not found in all genera, each frontal possess a distinct bifurcated ventromedial extension (lacking in Lophodolos); a pair of antedorsal extensions can also be found on the parasphenoid, approaching or overlapping the posterior ventromedial extensions of the respective frontal (lacking in Lophodolos); usually well developed sphenotic, quadrate, and articular spines (lacking in Chaenophryne; the skin is commonly smooth and naked; although the skin of members of the genus Spiniphryne are completely covered with well-developed dermal spines. Metamorphosed males have well developed eyes that are laterally directed; the pupil being bigger in diameter than the lens. Possess large olfactory organs with the anterior nostrils closely spaced and their openings anteriorly directed; the laterally directed posterior nostrils are generally larger than the eyes. Pigmentation is common around the nasal area which is also sometimes slightly inflated. The anterior end of the illicial pterygiophore and the posterior end of the upper denticular are well separated. With smooth and naked skin as well. There are no known males of the spiny-skinned oneirodid genus Spiniphryne. With the exception of Bertella idiomorpha and Leptacanthichthys gracilispinis (both exhibiting facultative sexual parasitism), males are free-living and nonparasitic. No definitive features to generally diagnose larvae from this family. There is a wide variation in fin-ray counts, the range narrows within genera and all species, and is consistent in all members of the same species: dorsal-fin rays 5 - 8 (very rarely 4); anal-fin rays 4 - 7 (very rarely 3); pectoral-fin rays 13 - 30; caudal-fin rays 9 (2 simple + 4 bifurcated + 3 simple). The largest recorded female is an unidentified specimen of Oneirodes measuring 37 cm. The largest recorded male measure 1.65 cm. (Ref. 86949)
  Etymology
:
Greek, 'oneiros' = a dream or dreamlike or out of a dream (suggesting this fish is so strange and marvelous that can exist only in dreams) (Ref. 86949)
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Eupercaria | | | Lophiiformes | Ceratioidei | | Oneirodidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Oneirodidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Oneirodes eschrichtii Lütken, 1871
acceptedseniororiginal
! Oneirodes eschrichti Lütken, 1871
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes megaceros Holt & Byrne, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys megaceros (Holt & Byrne, 1908)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys digitatus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys simplex Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys pollicifer Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys brevifilis Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys diadematus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys pennatus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys frondosus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys ptilotus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys multifilis Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys claviger Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys thysanophorus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys plumatus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys cirrifer Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys hibernicus Fraser-Brunner, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
Oneirodes acanthias (Gilbert, 1915)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes eschrichtii (non Lütken, 1871)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Dolopichthys megaceros (non Holt & Byrne, 1908)
misappliedmisappliednew
Oneirodes luetkeni (Regan, 1925)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes carlsbergi (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys carlsbergi Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
Dolopichthys inimicus Fraser-Brunner, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
Oneirodes eschrichtii (non Lütken, 1871)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Dolopichthys megaceros (non Holt & Byrne, 1908)
misappliedmisappliednew
Oneirodes cristatus (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys cristatus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes flagellifer (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys flagellifer Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes heteronema (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys heteronema Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes macronema (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys macronema Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes mirus (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys mirus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes schmidti (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys schmidti Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes thompsoni (Schultz, 1934)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes acanthias (non Gilbert, 1915)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes bulbosus Chapman, 1939
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes eschrichti (non Lütken, 1871)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Oneirodes melanocauda Bertelsen, 1951
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes basili Pietsch, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes kreffti Pietsch, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes whitleyi Bertelsen & Pietsch, 1983
synonymjuniororiginal
Oneirodes macrosteus Pietsch, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes myrionemus Pietsch, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes notius Pietsch, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes rosenblatti Pietsch, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes alius Seigel & Pietsch, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes micronema Grobecker, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes plagionema Pietsch & Seigel, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes posti Bertelsen & Grobecker, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes pterurus Pietsch & Seigel, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes sabex Pietsch & Seigel, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
! Oneirodes sebax Pietsch & Seigel, 1980
synonymseniororiginal
Oneirodes appendixus Ni & Xu, 1988
synonymjuniororiginal
Oneirodes eschrichtii (non Lütken, 1871)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Oneirodes schistonema Pietsch & Seigel, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes thysanema Pietsch & Seigel, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes clarkei Swinney & Pietsch, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes haplonema Stewart & Pietsch, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
Oneirodes pietschi Ho & Shao, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Dolopichthys danae Regan, 1926
acceptedseniororiginal
Dolopichthys allector (non Garman, 1899)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Dolopichthys mucronatus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys jubatus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
Dolopichthys megaceros (non Holt & Byrne, 1908)
misappliedmisappliednew
Dolopichthys danae (non Regan, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Dolopichthys longicornis (non Parr, 1927)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Dolopichthys pullatus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
Dolopichthys allector (non Garman, 1899)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Dolopichthys longicornis (non Parr, 1927)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Dolopichthys dinema Pietsch, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
Dolopichthys karsteni Leipertz & Pietsch, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Lophodolos indicus Lloyd, 1909
acceptedseniororiginal
Lophodolus dinema Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Lophodolus lyra Beebe, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dermatias platynogaster Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal
Dolopichthys platynogaster (Smith & Radcliffe, 1912)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne haplactis Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne bicornis Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne crenata Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne draco Beebe, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
Chaenophryne parviconus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne melanodactylus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne atriconus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne columnifera Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne macractis Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne longiceps (non Regan, 1925)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Chaenophryne melanorhabdus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
Chaenophryne pterolophus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne ramifera Regan & Trewavas, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Chaenophryne pacis Koefoed, 1944
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Chirophryne xenolophus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
Ctenochirichthys longimanus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys exiguus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Dolopichthys implumis Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pentherichthys atratus (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys atratus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
Dolopichthys venustus Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Pentherichthys venustus (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
synonymjuniornew
Dolopichthys allector (non Garman, 1899)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Tyrannophryne pugnax Regan & Trewavas, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
Danaphryne nigrifilis (Regan & Trewavas, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Dolopichthys nigrifilis Regan & Trewavas, 1932
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Spiniphryne duhameli Pietsch & Baldwin, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Bertella idiomorpha Pietsch, 1973
acceptedseniororiginal
Puck pinnata Pietsch, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
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