Growth parameters for Engraulis encrasicolus
 
Maximum Length 20cm SL
n = 59
Note that studies where Loo is very different (+/- 1/3) from Lmax are doubtful.
Lm vs Linf graph [n = 3]
M vs K graph [n = 4]
M vs Linf graph [n = 4]
Longevity vs 3/K graph [n = 8]
ø = 2.55
L inf = 18.7 cm TL
K = 1.0
Median record no. 30
36547Ref. 36547
Loo
(cm)
Length Type K
(1/y)
to
(years)
Sex M
(1/y)
Temp° C Lm Ø' Country Locality Questionable Captive
9.4 FL 1.210 -0.37 13.6 2.03 Russia Azov Sea Yes No
11.7 TL 1.160 -0.17 13.6 2.20 Russia Azov Sea No No
13.2 TL 0.820 0.50 2.15 Croatia Zrmanja River estuary (44°15'N, 15°30'E), eastern Adriatic Sea Yes No
13.3 TL 0.610 -1.80 2.03 Russia Azov basin No No
13.9 TL 1.730 14.3 2.52 Russia Black Sea No No
14.1 TL 1.010 -0.28 14.3 2.30 Russia Black Sea, Eastern No No
14.2 TL 0.810 -0.54 14.3 2.21 Russia Black Sea, Eastern No No
15.0 TL 1.260 -0.23 14.3 2.45 Romania Black Sea, Western No No
15.3 TL 2.440 14.0 2.76 Italy Upper Adriatic Yes No
15.9 TL 0.273 -2.85 M 1.84 Turkey Sinop coast No No
15.9 TL 0.510 17.5 8.2 2.11 Italy Adriatic Sea No No
16.2 TL 0.400 -2.04 2.02 Italy Northern Adriatic (GSA 17) No No
16.5 TL 1.390 -0.02 14.0 2.58 Greece No No
16.6 TL 0.581 -0.92 14.3 2.20 Bulgaria Black Sea No No
16.8 TL 0.324 -2.07 14.3 1.96 Turkey central-eastern Black Sea No No
16.8 TL 0.324 -1.99 14.3 1.96 Turkey Black Sea No No
17.0 TL 0.536 -1.24 M 2.19 Greece Thracian Sea No No
17.3 TL 1.200 2.56 Morocco Zone A No No
17.5 TL 0.330 -1.87 M 2.00 Italy Strait of Sicily No No
17.6 TL 1.280 1.80 14.0 11.5 2.60 Italy Bay of Naples No No
17.6 TL 0.370 M 2.06 Algeria Beni-Saf No No
17.9 TL 0.246 -2.47 M 1.90 Turkey Sinop No No
18.0 TL 0.587 -0.85 F 2.28 Greece Thracian Sea No No
18.2 TL 0.449 -1.09 14.0 2.17 Spain Catalan Sea No No
18.2 TL 0.330 F 2.04 Algeria Beni-Saf No No
18.4 TL 0.177 3.40 M 1.78 Turkey Sinop coast Yes No
18.6 TL 1.210 -0.01 10.4 2.62 UK North Sea No No
18.6 TL 0.260 M 0.50 18.9 1.95 Algeria Alger No No
18.6 TL 0.290 -1.94 F 2.00 Italy Strait of Sicily No No
18.7 TL 1.020 2.55 Spain Gulf of Cádiz No No
18.8 TL 0.154 -4.09 F 1.73 Turkey Sinop coast Yes No
18.8 TL 0.340 2.08 Morocco No No
18.9 TL 0.700 2.40 Spain Gulf of Cádiz No No
18.9 TL 0.740 2.42 Spain Gulf of Cádiz No No
19.0 TL 0.220 -2.53 M 1.90 Turkey Sinop No No
19.0 TL 0.340 -2.32 2.09 Spain Western Mediterranean (GSA 1 and 6) No No
19.1 TL 0.349 -1.45 14.0 2.10 France Gulf of Lion No No
19.1 TL 0.350 -1.45 2.11 France Gulf of Lions (GSA 7) No No
19.1 TL 0.380 -1.56 2.14 Greece Aegean Sea (GSA 22) No No
19.1 TL 0.940 2.54 Spain Gulf of Cádiz No No
19.2 TL 1.070 2.60 Spain Gulf of Cádiz No No
19.3 TL 0.167 -3.56 F 1.79 Turkey Sinop coast No No
19.4 TL 0.570 -0.50 14.0 2.33 Croatia Middle Adriatic Sea No No
19.4 TL 0.570 17.6 2.33 Slovenia Adriatic Sea No No
19.5 TL 0.380 -0.96 M 2.16 Algeria Beni-Saf No No
19.8 TL 0.300 2.07 Italy South of Sicily (GSA 16) No No
20.0 TL 0.396 14.0 2.20 Algeria Mediterranean, Algero-Moroccan Border No No
20.0 TL 0.420 -1.15 14.0 2.23 France Gulf of Lion No No
20.0 TL 0.330 -1.40 F 2.12 Algeria Beni-Saf No No
21.0 TL 0.450 2.30 Spain Catalan Sea No No
21.3 TL 0.138 -3.47 F 1.80 Turkey Sinop Yes No
21.4 TL 0.480 1.18 16.0 2.34 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
21.5 TL 0.880 9.0 2.61 Channel Is. Channel & Zuidersee No No
21.6 TL 0.216 11.3 2.00 Algeria No No
22.9 TL 0.151 -3.07 F 1.90 Turkey Sinop Yes No
23.0 TL 0.440 0.83 2.37 Spain Iberian-Biscay waters No No
23.2 TL 0.210 -2.52 11.0 2.05 France Gascogne, Gulf of Biscay No No
24.6 TL 0.320 F 14.5 2.29 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
24.6 TL 0.320 M 14.5 2.29 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
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