Morphology Data of Helcogramma ellioti
Identification keys
Main Ref. Holleman, W., 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks Males distinctly colored during courtship, but look drab at other times (Ref. 48636).

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Diagnosis: Dorsal fin III + XIII+ 9-10, second fin same height of first; anal fin I + 18; pectoral rays 16 (1+8+7); pelvic fin I, 2, spine short and hidden, segmented rays simple, partially united by membrane. Vertebrae 10 + 24-25. LL total lateral scales 36-38, pored series 33-37 (21) scales; nape, belly, and anal-fin base scaleless, caudal fin base with only 1 row of scales. Mandibular pores 5-7+3-5+5-7. Orbital cirrus flat and palmate. Head length 3.5 in SL; eye 2.8; maxilla 2.3 in HL. Male head dark brown on top, reddish above eye, black and blue below, with narrow stripe from maxilla to preopercle; body brownish grey with 3 pale saddles; belly pink. Female head white with red and brown spots below, shading darker and with brown blotches above, with brown stripe from upper lip to corner of eye; body white with brown oblique semi-bars and blotches on dorsal half of side (Ref. 75031). Males distinctly colored during courtship, but look drab at other times (Ref. 48636).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Helcogramma ellioti

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 36 - 38
Pored lateral line scales 33 - 37
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 10 - 10
total 34 - 35


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 3
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 16 - 16
Soft-rays total 9 - 10
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 18 - 20

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   16 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   2 - 2
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Santos, Kristine
Modified by Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17