Morphology Data of Forsterygion lapillum
Identification keys
Main Ref. Jenyns, L., 1842
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

First dorsal fin spines V-VIII; second dorsal fin spines XIX-XXIII; third dorsal fin rays 11-14.

Discontinuous lateral line tubular scales 19-24, notched scales 14-24. Total vertebral number 43-45. Snout profile steep (70-75°). Preoperculo-mandibular canal with 7 pores, 3 at lower corner of preopercular, 3 at tip of upper jaw and 1 at lower jaw symphysis. Scale rows between anterior end of second dorsal fin and lateral line, 5-6. Scales between second and third dorsal fins, 4. Scales around caudal peduncle 12-13. Radii in scales from area below lateral line and under pectoral fin, 8-11. Long ctenii in scales from above and below lateral line in caudal peduncle area. Lateral line canal constricted with W-shaped anterior and posterior openings. Short denticles on interradial circuli. Post-temporal partially exposed. Pterygiophore supporting first segmented ray of third dorsal fin anterior to 24th vertebra. Dorsal fin formula V-0N-0-1-0-1. Ventral edge of lower caudal plate straight. Short neural spine of second preural vertebra. Epurals of different length. Soft rays in caudal fin, 14; 2 unbranched and 5 branched (non multibranched) rays in upper and lower caudal lobes. Procurrent rays in upper caudal lobe, 10; eight in lower lobe, 8; in upper lobe, 2 procurrent rays between upper lobe and posterior epural, 4 rays opposite epurals , 1 between neural spine of second preural vertebra and neural spine of third vertebra, 1 opposite neural spine of third preural vertebra and 2 anterior to neural spine of third vertebra; in lower lobe, one procurrent ray between lower lobe

and haemal spine of second preural vertebra, 5 rays opposite haemal spine of second preural vertebra, 1 between haemal spines of second and third preural vertebrae, 1 ray opposite neural spine of third preural vertebra. Rounded posterior end. Short, pointed rostrum. Broad antristrum. Excisura shallow (Ref. 84085).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Forsterygion lapillum

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 33 - 48
Pored lateral line scales 19 - 24
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 40 - 45


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 3
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 24 - 31
Soft-rays total 11 - 14
Adipose fin

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 2 - 2
Soft-rays total 23 - 27

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   16 - 19
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    jugular
Spines     0
Soft-rays   2 - 2
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B.
Modified by Hilomen, Teresa
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17