Morphology Data of Epinephelus suborbitalis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features none
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile more or less straight
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth superior
Type of scales ctenoid scales

Upper edge of operculum convex; posterior nostril of large adults broadly oval, its diameter about 3 times that of the anterior nostril; ventral edge of the maxilla with a step-like expansion distally. Color is uniformly grayish brown, the fins darker. Characterized further by the following: robust body, depth contained 2.7 times in SL; body width 2.25 times in the depth; head length 2.4 times in SL; slightly convex interorbital area, width 4.4 times in HL; upper edge of operculum convex; large adults with broadly oval posterior nostrils, diameter about 3 times that of anterior nostril; step-like expansion on ventral edge of maxilla; 3 rows of teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw; inner symphyseal teeth of upper jaw not enlarged (Ref. 89707).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Epinephelus suborbitalis

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 63
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series 122
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 0
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 15
on upper limb 8
total 23


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1notched No
Finlets No. Dorsal   0 - 0
Ventral  0 - 0
Spines total 11 - 11
Soft-rays total 14 - 14
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 8 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   19
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    thoracic  beneath origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Reyes, Rodolfo B.
Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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