Morphology Data of Coptodon kottae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Stiassny, M.L.J., A. Lamboj, D. De Weirdt and G.G. Teugels, 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Diagnosis: dorsal fin with 14-16 spines and 10-13 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 8-9 soft rays; 28-30 scales in lateral line; 8-10 gill rakers on lower limb of first arch (Ref. 81260).

Description: body ovoid and moderately deep; frontal profile straight to slightly rounded (Ref. 52307). Head length 33.7-37.0% SL; lower pharyngeal jaw with curved anterior teeth and tricuspid posterior teeth; ventral keel shorter than dentigerous plate; 3-4 tooth rows in oral jaws, outer row teeth bicuspid (Ref. 81260). Eyes relatively large (Ref. 52307).

Coloration: base body color brown (Ref. 81260) to coppery (Ref. 52307). When breeding (Ref. 52307), males with lower jaw, chest and belly dark brown or black, females with this region whitish; 4-5 vertical bars on flanks; soft dorsal with black "tilapia spot" and sometimes also with clear round maculae; caudal fin often with clear round maculae in upper lobe (Ref. 81260). Anal fin dark to black; pelvics black (Ref. 52307, 81260). Pectoral fins transparent (Ref. 81260).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Coptodon kottae

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 28 - 30
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 0
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 8 - 10
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   0
Ventral  0
Spines total 14 - 16
Soft-rays total 10 - 13
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 8 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Musschoot, Tobias
Modified by Musschoot, Tobias
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