Morphology Data of Brycinus macrolepidotus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Paugy, D. and S.A. Schaefer, 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs no special organs
Different appearance different morphology in juveniles and adults
Different colors different colors in juveniles and adults

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features none
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile more or less straight
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth terminal
Type of scales cycloid scales

Diagnosis: fronto-parietal fontanel absent in adults, sometimes pore-like in juveniles; snout long, comprimised 3x in head length; dorsal fin origin distinctly behind pelvic fin insertion; adults large-sized; no sexual dimorphism affecting anal fin shape; 21-31 lateral line scales; 4.5 scales between lateral line and dorsal fin; 10-16 anal fin branched rays; 14-22 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; 8-14 teeth in outer premaxillary row (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279). Head length/snout length 2.6-2.9; 10-12 predorsal scales (Ref. 80290). Body depth more than 3x SL in adults (Ref. 2880, 81279).

Description: anal fin with 3 branched and 10-16 unbranched rays; 8-14 premaxillary teeth, two of which shift progressively backwards with growth; supraorbital bone well-developed; upper jaw projecting beyond lower jaw in adults (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279).

Coloration: humeral spot; black precaudal blotch extending partly unto median caudal-fin rays; greenish back, white belly; juveniles with white spot on upper part of caudal peduncle (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279). Sides sometimes with an orange (Ref. 2880, 81279) or broad dark (Ref. 80290) longitudinal band from opercle to caudal fin in adults only. This color pattern is not correlated with sexual activity (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279). In most fish fin color varies from red-orange or pink (Ref. 2880, 80290, 81279) to grey (Ref. 80290). In some populations fin margins are trimmed with dark pigment (Ref. 80920). Only live specimens from Cavally River (Côte d'Ivoire) have vermillion red fins (Ref. 2880, 81279).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Brycinus macrolepidotus

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 21 - 31
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 4.5 - 4.5
Scale rows below lateral line 3.5 - 3.5
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 0
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 14 - 22
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes other
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 13 - 19

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Palomares, Maria Lourdes D.
Modified by Geelhand, Dimitri
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17