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Fish Identification: Find Species


Family: Osmeridae Smelts



(See list of species below)



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15 species in
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Northeast Pacific
Max. Length 22.9 cm TL
Allosmerus elongatus (Ayres, 1854)

Photo by Photo by Fritzsche, R.A./J.W. Cavanagh
 
Allosmerus elongatus
[Whitebait smelt]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort, 1856)

Photo by Photo by Vasilets, P.
 
Hypomesus japonicus
[]



Asia
Max. Length 17 cm TL
Hypomesus nipponensis McAllister, 1963

Photo by Photo by Senou, H.
 
Hypomesus nipponensis
[Japanese smelt]



Arctic, Northwest to Nort
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Hypomesus olidus (Pallas, 1814)

Photo by Photo by Kim, I.-S.
 
Hypomesus olidus
[Pond smelt]



Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 30.5 cm TL
Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard, 1854)

Photo by Photo by Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish.
 
Hypomesus pretiosus
[Surf smelt]



North America
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Hypomesus transpacificus McAllister, 1963

Photo by Photo by The Native Fish Conservancy
 
Hypomesus transpacificus
[Delta smelt]



Circumpolar in the Arctic
Max. Length 25.2 cm TL
Mallotus villosus (Müller, 1776)

Photo by Photo by Armesto, A.
 
Mallotus villosus
[Capelin]



North Pacific and Arctic
Max. Length 34 cm SL
Osmerus dentex Steindachner & Kner, 1870

Photo by Photo by Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish.
 
Osmerus dentex
[Pacific rainbow smelt]



North Atlantic
Max. Length 45 cm TL
Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Photo by Meyer, T.
 
Osmerus eperlanus
[European smelt]



North Atlantic
Max. Length 35.6 cm TL
Osmerus mordax (Mitchill, 1814)

Photo by Photo by Lyons, J.
 
Osmerus mordax
[Rainbow smelt]



North America
Max. Length 17 cm TL
Osmerus spectrum Cope, 1870

Photo by Photo by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada
 
Osmerus spectrum
[Pigmy smelt]
No picture found

Max. Length 70 cm TL

 
Spirinchus lanceolatus
[]



Northeast Pacific
Max. Length 23 cm TL
Spirinchus starksi (Fisk, 1913)

Photo by Photo by Fritzsche, R.A./J.W. Cavanagh
 
Spirinchus starksi
[Night smelt]



North Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Spirinchus thaleichthys (Ayres, 1860)

Photo by Photo by Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish.
 
Spirinchus thaleichthys
[Longfin smelt]



North Pacific
Max. Length 34 cm TL
Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson, 1836)

Photo by Photo by Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish.
 
Thaleichthys pacificus
[Eulachon]



15 species

Sort by: Species Length Year
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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Allosmerus elongatus Whitebait smelt Northeast Pacific 22.9 TL 1854
Hypomesus japonicus Northwest Pacific 25 TL 1856
Hypomesus nipponensis Japanese smelt Asia 17 TL 1963
Hypomesus olidus Pond smelt Arctic, Northwest to Nort 20 TL 1814
Hypomesus pretiosus Surf smelt Eastern Pacific 30.5 TL 1854
Hypomesus transpacificus Delta smelt North America 12 TL 1963
Mallotus villosus Capelin Circumpolar in the Arctic 25.2 TL 1776
Osmerus dentex Pacific rainbow smelt North Pacific and Arctic 34 SL 1870
Osmerus eperlanus European smelt North Atlantic 45 TL 1758
Osmerus mordax Rainbow smelt North Atlantic 35.6 TL 1814
Osmerus spectrum Pigmy smelt North America 17 TL 1870
Spirinchus lanceolatus Northwest Pacific 70 TL 1913
Spirinchus starksi Night smelt Northeast Pacific 23 TL 1913
Spirinchus thaleichthys Longfin smelt North Pacific 20 TL 1860
Thaleichthys pacificus Eulachon North Pacific 34 TL 1836



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013