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Fish Identification: Find Species


Family: Serrasalmidae



(See list of species below)



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98 species in
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South America
Max. Length 19.9 cm TL
Acnodon normani Gosline, 1951

Photo by Photo by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv
 
Acnodon normani
[Sheep-pacu]



South America
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Acnodon oligacanthus (Müller & Troschel, 1844)

Photo by Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Acnodon oligacanthus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 13.2 cm SL

 
Acnodon senai
[]



South America
Max. Length 15 cm SL
Catoprion mento (Cuvier, 1819)

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Catoprion mento
[Wimple piranha]



South America
Max. Length 108 cm TL
Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1816)

Photo by Photo by Lovshin, L.
 
Colossoma macropomum
[Cachama]



South America
Max. Length 11.2 cm SL
Metynnis altidorsalis Ahl, 1923

Photo by Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Metynnis altidorsalis
[]



South America
Max. Length 14.0 cm SL
Metynnis argenteus Ahl, 1923

Photo by Photo by IBAMA
 
Metynnis argenteus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 14.3 cm SL

 
Metynnis cuiaba
[]



South America
Max. Length 5.8 cm SL
Metynnis fasciatus Ahl, 1931

Photo by Photo by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv
 
Metynnis fasciatus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 16 cm SL

 
Metynnis guaporensis
[]



South America
Max. Length 18 cm SL
Metynnis hypsauchen (Müller & Troschel, 1844)

Photo by Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Metynnis hypsauchen
[Silver dollar]



South America
Max. Length 16.4 cm SL
Metynnis lippincottianus (Cope, 1870)

Photo by Photo by Busson, F.
 
Metynnis lippincottianus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.7 cm SL

 
Metynnis longipinnis
[]



South America
Max. Length 12.9 cm SL
Metynnis luna Cope, 1878

Photo by Photo by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv
 
Metynnis luna
[]



South America
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Metynnis maculatus (Kner, 1858)

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Metynnis maculatus
[Spotted metynnis]



South America
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Metynnis mola Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903

Photo by Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Metynnis mola
[]
No picture found


 
Metynnis orinocensis
[]



South America
Max. Length 8.7 cm SL
Metynnis otuquensis Ahl, 1923

Photo by Photo by Gartner, D.-P.
 
Metynnis otuquensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 16.7 cm SL

 
Metynnis polystictus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 35 cm SL

 
Mylesinus paraschomburgkii
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 22 cm SL

 
Mylesinus paucisquamatus
[]
No picture found


 
Mylesinus schomburgkii
[]
No picture found


 
Myleus altipinnis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.1 cm SL

 
Myleus knerii
[]
No picture found


 
Myleus latus
[]



South America
Max. Length 27.6 cm SL
Myleus micans (Lütken, 1875)

Photo by Photo by Alves, C.B.M.
 
Myleus micans
[]



South America
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Myleus pacu (Jardine, 1841)

Photo by Photo by Holm, E.
 
Myleus pacu
[]



South America
Max. Length 27 cm SL
Myleus setiger Müller & Troschel, 1844

Photo by Photo by Castro-Lima, F.
 
Myleus setiger
[]



South America
Max. Length 33 cm TL
Myloplus arnoldi Ahl, 1936

Photo by Photo by IBAMA
 
Myloplus arnoldi
[]



South America
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Myloplus asterias (Müller & Troschel, 1844)

Photo by Photo by de Gasperis, F.
 
Myloplus asterias
[]



South America
Max. Length 20 cm SL
Myloplus levis (Eigenmann & McAtee, 1907)

Photo by Photo by Porcelli, D.
 
Myloplus levis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 24.5 cm SL

 
Myloplus lobatus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 33.8 cm SL

 
Myloplus lucienae
[]



South America
Max. Length 58 cm SL
Myloplus planquettei Jégu, Keith & Le Bail, 2003

Photo by Photo by Le Bail, P.-Y
 
Myloplus planquettei
[]



South America
Max. Length 40.7 cm TL
Myloplus rhomboidalis (Cuvier, 1818)

Photo by Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Myloplus rhomboidalis
[]



South America
Max. Length 41.5 cm TL
Myloplus rubripinnis (Müller & Troschel, 1844)

Photo by Photo by Landines, M.
 
Myloplus rubripinnis
[Redhook myleus]



South America
Max. Length 42 cm SL
Myloplus schomburgkii (Jardine, 1841)

Photo by Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Myloplus schomburgkii
[Disk tetra]



South America
Max. Length 23.1 cm SL
Myloplus ternetzi (Norman, 1929)

Photo by Photo by Ponton, D.
 
Myloplus ternetzi
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 16.3 cm SL

 
Myloplus tiete
[]



South America

Myloplus torquatus (Kner, 1858)

Photo by Photo by Castro-Lima, F.
 
Myloplus torquatus
[]
No picture found


 
Myloplus zorroi
[]



South America
Max. Length 28.5 cm SL
Mylossoma acanthogaster (Valenciennes, 1850)

Photo by Photo by Galvis, G./Mojica, J.I./Camargo, M.
 
Mylossoma acanthogaster
[]



South America
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Mylossoma aureum (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)

Photo by Photo by IBAMA
 
Mylossoma aureum
[]



South America
Max. Length 25 cm SL
Mylossoma duriventre (Cuvier, 1818)

Photo by Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Mylossoma duriventre
[]



South America
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Ossubtus xinguense Jégu, 1992

Photo by Photo by Childs, K.
 
Ossubtus xinguense
[]



South America
Max. Length 88 cm TL
Piaractus brachypomus (Cuvier, 1818)

Photo by Photo by Jinkings, K.
 
Piaractus brachypomus
[Pirapitinga]



South America
Max. Length 40.5 cm SL
Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887)

Photo by Photo by Lovshin, L.
 
Piaractus mesopotamicus
[Pacu]



South America

Pristobrycon aureus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)

Photo by Photo by WWW.OPEFE.COM
 
Pristobrycon aureus
[]



South America
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Pristobrycon calmoni (Steindachner, 1908)

Photo by Photo by Østergaard, T.
 
Pristobrycon calmoni
[]



South America
Max. Length 11.1 cm SL
Pristobrycon careospinus Fink & Machado-Allison, 1992

Photo by Photo by Mikolji, I.
 
Pristobrycon careospinus
[]



South America
Max. Length 24.8 cm SL
Pristobrycon maculipinnis Fink & Machado-Allison, 1992

Photo by Photo by Mikolji, I.
 
Pristobrycon maculipinnis
[]



South America
Max. Length 20.1 cm TL
Pristobrycon striolatus (Steindachner, 1908)

Photo by Photo by Mikolji, I.
 
Pristobrycon striolatus
[]



South America
Max. Length 27.9 cm TL
Pygocentrus cariba (Humboldt, 1821)

Photo by Photo by Fürderer, H.
 
Pygocentrus cariba
[Black spot piranha]



South America
Max. Length 50 cm SL
Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858

Photo by Photo by Østergaard, T.
 
Pygocentrus nattereri
[Red piranha]
No picture found


 
Pygocentrus palometa
[]



South America
Max. Length 34 cm SL
Pygocentrus piraya (Cuvier, 1819)

Photo by Photo by Magallanes, F.
 
Pygocentrus piraya
[San Francisco piranha]



South America
Max. Length 21.5 cm TL
Pygopristis denticulata (Cuvier, 1819)

Photo by Photo by Busson, F.
 
Pygopristis denticulata
[Lobetoothed piranha]



South America
Max. Length 19 cm SL
Serrasalmus altispinis Merckx, Jégu & Santos, 2000

Photo by Photo by WWW.OPEFE.COM
 
Serrasalmus altispinis
[]



South America
Max. Length 17.3 cm SL
Serrasalmus altuvei Ramírez, 1965

Photo by Photo by WWW.OPEFE.COM
 
Serrasalmus altuvei
[]
No picture found


 
Serrasalmus auriventris
[]



South America
Max. Length 21.2 cm SL
Serrasalmus brandtii Lütken, 1875

Photo by Photo by Nielson, R.
 
Serrasalmus brandtii
[White piranha]



South America
Max. Length 19 cm SL
Serrasalmus compressus Jégu, Leão & Santos, 1991

Photo by Photo by WWW.OPEFE.COM
 
Serrasalmus compressus
[]



South America
Max. Length 35 cm SL
Serrasalmus eigenmanni Norman, 1929

Photo by Photo by Mikolji, I.
 
Serrasalmus eigenmanni
[]



South America
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Serrasalmus elongatus Kner, 1858

Photo by Photo by Østergaard, T.
 
Serrasalmus elongatus
[Slender piranha]
No picture found


 
Serrasalmus emarginatus
[]



South America
Max. Length 18.1 cm SL
Serrasalmus geryi Jégu & Santos, 1988

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Serrasalmus geryi
[]



South America
Max. Length 25.5 cm SL
Serrasalmus gibbus Castelnau, 1855

Photo by Photo by Germeau, G./ Doumont, Y.
 
Serrasalmus gibbus
[]



South America
Max. Length 27.9 cm SL
Serrasalmus gouldingi Fink & Machado-Allison, 1992

Photo by Photo by Lysikatos, D.
 
Serrasalmus gouldingi
[]



South America
Max. Length 15.5 cm SL
Serrasalmus hastatus Fink & Machado-Allison, 2001

Photo by Photo by WWW.OPEFE.COM
 
Serrasalmus hastatus
[]



South America
Max. Length 18.5 cm SL
Serrasalmus hollandi Eigenmann, 1915

Photo by Photo by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv
 
Serrasalmus hollandi
[]



South America
Max. Length 20 cm SL
Serrasalmus humeralis Valenciennes, 1850

Photo by Photo by IGFA
 
Serrasalmus humeralis
[Pirambeba]



South America
Max. Length 13.8 cm SL
Serrasalmus irritans Peters, 1877

Photo by Photo by Mikolji, I.
 
Serrasalmus irritans
[]



South America
Max. Length 34.5 cm TL
Serrasalmus maculatus Kner, 1858

Photo by Photo by Sazima, I.
 
Serrasalmus maculatus
[]



South America
Max. Length 36 cm SL
Serrasalmus manueli (Fernández-Yépez & Ramírez, 1967)

Photo by Photo by Østergaard, T.
 
Serrasalmus manueli
[]



South America
Max. Length 32.4 cm TL
Serrasalmus marginatus Valenciennes, 1837

Photo by Photo by Janzon, L.-A.
 
Serrasalmus marginatus
[]



South America
Max. Length 14.8 cm SL
Serrasalmus medinai Ramírez, 1965

Photo by Photo by WWW.OPEFE.COM
 
Serrasalmus medinai
[]



South America
Max. Length 12.6 cm SL
Serrasalmus nalseni Fernández-Yépez, 1969

Photo by Photo by Mikolji, I.
 
Serrasalmus nalseni
[]



South America
Max. Length 18 cm SL
Serrasalmus neveriensis Machado-Allison, Fink, López Rojas & Rodenas, 1993

Photo by Photo by Mikolji, I.
 
Serrasalmus neveriensis
[]
No picture found


 
Serrasalmus nigricans
[]
No picture found


 
Serrasalmus nigricauda
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 16.7 cm SL

 
Serrasalmus odyssei
[]



South America
Max. Length 41.5 cm SL
Serrasalmus rhombeus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Photo by Photo by Mikolji, I.
 
Serrasalmus rhombeus
[Redeye piranha]



South America
Max. Length 11.4 cm SL
Serrasalmus sanchezi Géry, 1964

Photo by Photo by WWW.OPEFE.COM
 
Serrasalmus sanchezi
[]
No picture found


 
Serrasalmus scotopterus
[]



South America
Max. Length 19 cm SL
Serrasalmus serrulatus (Valenciennes, 1850)

Photo by Photo by JJPhoto
 
Serrasalmus serrulatus
[]



South America
Max. Length 25 cm SL
Serrasalmus spilopleura Kner, 1858

Photo by Photo by Teixeira de Mello, F.
 
Serrasalmus spilopleura
[Speckled piranha]
No picture found


 
Serrasalmus stagnatilis
[]
No picture found


 
Serrasalmus undulatus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 28.3 cm SL

 
Tometes ancylorhynchus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 91.1 cm SL

 
Tometes camunani
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 37 cm SL

 
Tometes kranponhah
[]



South America
Max. Length 51.2 cm SL
Tometes lebaili Jégu, Keith & Belmont-Jégu, 2002

Photo by Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Tometes lebaili
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 37.9 cm SL

 
Tometes makue
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 35.2 cm SL

 
Tometes siderocarajensis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 43 cm SL

 
Tometes trilobatus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 26 cm SL

 
Utiaritichthys esguiceroi
[]



South America
Max. Length 20.3 cm SL
Utiaritichthys longidorsalis Jégu, Tito de Morais & Santos, 1992

Photo by Photo by Andrade, M.C.
 
Utiaritichthys longidorsalis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 32.2 cm SL

 
Utiaritichthys sennaebragai
[]



98 species

Sort by: Species Length Year
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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Acnodon normani Sheep-pacu South America 19.9 TL 1951
Acnodon oligacanthus South America 20 TL 1844
Acnodon senai South America 13.2 SL 1990
Catoprion mento Wimple piranha South America 15 SL 1819
Colossoma macropomum Cachama South America 108 TL 1816
Metynnis altidorsalis South America 11.2 SL 1923
Metynnis argenteus South America 14.0 SL 1923
Metynnis cuiaba South America 14.3 SL 2009
Metynnis fasciatus South America 5.8 SL 1931
Metynnis guaporensis South America 16 SL 1915
Metynnis hypsauchen Silver dollar South America 18 SL 1844
Metynnis lippincottianus South America 16.4 SL 1870
Metynnis longipinnis South America 6.7 SL 2008
Metynnis luna South America 12.9 SL 1878
Metynnis maculatus Spotted metynnis South America 18 TL 1858
Metynnis mola South America 15 TL 1903
Metynnis orinocensis South America 1908
Metynnis otuquensis South America 8.7 SL 1923
Metynnis polystictus South America 16.7 SL 2008
Mylesinus paraschomburgkii South America 35 SL 1989
Mylesinus paucisquamatus South America 22 SL 1988
Mylesinus schomburgkii South America 1850
Myleus altipinnis South America 1850
Myleus knerii South America 12.1 SL 1881
Myleus latus South America 1841
Myleus micans South America 27.6 SL 1875
Myleus pacu South America 20 TL 1841
Myleus setiger South America 27 SL 1844
Myloplus arnoldi South America 33 TL 1936
Myloplus asterias South America 25 TL 1844
Myloplus levis South America 20 SL 1907
Myloplus lobatus South America 24.5 SL 1850
Myloplus lucienae South America 33.8 SL 2016
Myloplus planquettei South America 58 SL 2003
Myloplus rhomboidalis South America 40.7 TL 1818
Myloplus rubripinnis Redhook myleus South America 41.5 TL 1844
Myloplus schomburgkii Disk tetra South America 42 SL 1841
Myloplus ternetzi South America 23.1 SL 1929
Myloplus tiete South America 16.3 SL 1900
Myloplus torquatus South America 1858
Myloplus zorroi South America 2016
Mylossoma acanthogaster South America 28.5 SL 1850
Mylossoma aureum South America 20 TL 1829
Mylossoma duriventre South America 25 SL 1818
Ossubtus xinguense South America 25 TL 1992
Piaractus brachypomus Pirapitinga South America 88 TL 1818
Piaractus mesopotamicus Pacu South America 40.5 SL 1887
Pristobrycon aureus South America 1829
Pristobrycon calmoni South America 15 TL 1908
Pristobrycon careospinus South America 11.1 SL 1992
Pristobrycon maculipinnis South America 24.8 SL 1992
Pristobrycon striolatus South America 20.1 TL 1908
Pygocentrus cariba Black spot piranha South America 27.9 TL 1821
Pygocentrus nattereri Red piranha South America 50 SL 1858
Pygocentrus palometa South America 1850
Pygocentrus piraya San Francisco piranha South America 34 SL 1819
Pygopristis denticulata Lobetoothed piranha South America 21.5 TL 1819
Serrasalmus altispinis South America 19 SL 2000
Serrasalmus altuvei South America 17.3 SL 1965
Serrasalmus auriventris South America 1861
Serrasalmus brandtii White piranha South America 21.2 SL 1875
Serrasalmus compressus South America 19 SL 1991
Serrasalmus eigenmanni South America 35 SL 1929
Serrasalmus elongatus Slender piranha South America 30 TL 1858
Serrasalmus emarginatus South America 1841
Serrasalmus geryi South America 18.1 SL 1988
Serrasalmus gibbus South America 25.5 SL 1855
Serrasalmus gouldingi South America 27.9 SL 1992
Serrasalmus hastatus South America 15.5 SL 2001
Serrasalmus hollandi South America 18.5 SL 1915
Serrasalmus humeralis Pirambeba South America 20 SL 1850
Serrasalmus irritans South America 13.8 SL 1877
Serrasalmus maculatus South America 34.5 TL 1858
Serrasalmus manueli South America 36 SL 1967
Serrasalmus marginatus South America 32.4 TL 1837
Serrasalmus medinai South America 14.8 SL 1965
Serrasalmus nalseni South America 12.6 SL 1969
Serrasalmus neveriensis South America 18 SL 1993
Serrasalmus nigricans South America 1829
Serrasalmus nigricauda South America 1861
Serrasalmus odyssei South America 16.7 SL 2010
Serrasalmus rhombeus Redeye piranha South America 41.5 SL 1766
Serrasalmus sanchezi South America 11.4 SL 1964
Serrasalmus scotopterus South America 1841
Serrasalmus serrulatus South America 19 SL 1850
Serrasalmus spilopleura Speckled piranha South America 25 SL 1858
Serrasalmus stagnatilis South America 1841
Serrasalmus undulatus South America 1841
Tometes ancylorhynchus South America 28.3 SL 2016
Tometes camunani South America 91.1 SL 2013
Tometes kranponhah South America 37 SL 2016
Tometes lebaili South America 51.2 SL 2002
Tometes makue South America 37.9 SL 2002
Tometes siderocarajensis South America 35.2 SL 2017
Tometes trilobatus South America 43 SL 1850
Utiaritichthys esguiceroi South America 26 SL 2014
Utiaritichthys longidorsalis South America 20.3 SL 1992
Utiaritichthys sennaebragai South America 32.2 SL 1937



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