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Family: Cynoglossidae Tonguefishes



(See list of species below)



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145 species in
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145 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Cynoglossus abbreviatus Three-lined tongue sole Indo-West Pacific 31.4 TL 1834
Cynoglossus acaudatus Natal tongue-fish Western Indian Ocean 14 TL 1906
Cynoglossus acutirostris Sharpnose tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 25 TL 1939
Cynoglossus arel Largescale tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 40 TL 1801
Cynoglossus attenuatus Fourline tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 31 TL 1904
Cynoglossus bilineatus Fourlined tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 44 SL 1802
Cynoglossus broadhursti Southern tongue sole Eastern Indian Ocean 24.5 TL 1905
Cynoglossus browni Nigerian tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 40.2 SL 1949
Cynoglossus cadenati Ghanian tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 20 TL 1947
Cynoglossus canariensis Canary tonguesole Eastern Central Atlantic 60 TL 1882
Cynoglossus capensis Sand tonguefish Southeast Atlantic 31 TL 1858
Cynoglossus carpenteri Hooked tonguesole Indian Ocean 23 TL 1889
Cynoglossus crepida Bluntnose deepwater tonguesole Eastern Indian Ocean 20.3 SL 2017
Cynoglossus cynoglossus Bengal tongue sole Indo-West Pacific 20 TL 1822
Cynoglossus dispar Roundhead toungesole Western Indian Ocean 38.9 TL 1877
Cynoglossus dollfusi Western Indian Ocean 12.9 SL 1931
Cynoglossus dubius Carrot tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 50 TL 1873
Cynoglossus durbanensis Durban tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 20 TL 1921
Cynoglossus feldmanni River tonguesole Asia 25 SL 1854
Cynoglossus gilchristi Ripplefin tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 16 TL 1920
Cynoglossus gracilis Northwest Pacific 28 SL 1873
Cynoglossus heterolepis Freshwater tongue sole Asia and Oceania 25 SL 1910
Cynoglossus interruptus Genko sole Northwest Pacific 10.1 SL 1880
Cynoglossus itinus Speckled tongue sole Northwest Pacific 14 SL 1909
Cynoglossus joyneri Red tonguesole Northwest Pacific 24 SL 1878
Cynoglossus kapuasensis Asia 28.5 SL 1905
Cynoglossus kopsii Shortheaded tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 60 SL 1851
Cynoglossus lachneri Lachner's tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 46 TL 1977
Cynoglossus lida Roughscale tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 21.3 SL 1851
Cynoglossus lighti Northwest Pacific 22 TL 1925
Cynoglossus lineolatus Northwest Pacific 9.9 SL 1867
Cynoglossus lingua Long tongue sole Indo-West Pacific 45 TL 1822
Cynoglossus maccullochi Western Central Pacific. 1926
Cynoglossus macrolepidotus Western Pacific 1851
Cynoglossus macrophthalmus Big-eyed tongue-sole Indo-West Pacific 27.7 TL 1926
Cynoglossus macrostomus Malabar tonguesole Indian Ocean 17.3 TL 1928
Cynoglossus maculipinnis Western Pacific 15 TL 1921
Cynoglossus marleyi Threeline tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 35 TL 1921
Cynoglossus melampetalus Asia 26.4 SL 1846
Cynoglossus microlepis Smallscale tonguesole Asia 32.5 SL 1851
Cynoglossus monodi Guinean tonguesole Eastern Central Atlantic 40 TL 1949
Cynoglossus monopus Indo-West Pacific 18.8 SL 1849
Cynoglossus nigropinnatus Northwest Pacific 20 SL 1963
Cynoglossus ochiaii Northwest Pacific 18 SL 2008
Cynoglossus ogilbyi Western Central Pacific 18.6 TL 1926
Cynoglossus oligolepis Western Pacific 34.2 SL 1855
Cynoglossus pottii Western Indian Ocean 1902
Cynoglossus puncticeps Speckled tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 35 SL 1846
Cynoglossus purpureomaculatus Northwest Pacific. 26.9 SL 1905
Cynoglossus robustus Western Pacific 40 SL 1873
Cynoglossus roulei Northwest Pacific 42.6 SL 1932
Cynoglossus sealarki Western Indian Ocean 19 TL 1908
Cynoglossus semifasciatus Bengal tonguesole Indian Ocean 15 TL 1877
Cynoglossus semilaevis Tongue sole Asia 61.1 TL 1873
Cynoglossus senegalensis Senegalese tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 66.5 TL 1858
Cynoglossus sibogae Western Pacific 7.7 NG 1913
Cynoglossus sinicus Asia 42.3 SL 1932
Cynoglossus sinusarabici Western Indian Ocean and 17.1 TL 1931
Cynoglossus suyeni Western Pacific 27.5 SL 1934
Cynoglossus trigrammus Asia 30.6 SL 1862
Cynoglossus trulla Macau sole Western Central Pacific 45 SL 1849
Cynoglossus waandersii Asia 8.3 SL 1854
Cynoglossus zanzibarensis Zanzibar tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 32 TL 1939
Paraplagusia bilineata Doublelined tonguesole Indo-Pacific 31.6 TL 1787
Paraplagusia blochii Bloch's tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 22 TL 1851
Paraplagusia guttata Western Pacific 21 SL 1878
Paraplagusia japonica Black cow-tongue Western Pacific 35 SL 1846
Paraplagusia longirostris Long-snouted tongue sole Indo-West Pacific 27.6 SL 1991
Paraplagusia sinerama Dusky tongue sole Western Pacific 28.0 SL 1993
Symphurus arawak Caribbean tonguefish Western Atlantic 5.1 TL 1965
Symphurus atramentatus Inkspot tonguefish Eastern Pacific 14.4 SL 1890
Symphurus atricaudus California tonguefish Eastern Central Pacific 21 TL 1880
Symphurus australis Indo-West Pacific. 1907
Symphurus bathyspilus Western Central Pacific 12.1 SL 2003
Symphurus billykrietei Kriete's tonguefish Northwest Atlantic 11.9 SL 1998
Symphurus callopterus Chocolate tonguefish Eastern Pacific 16.2 SL 1989
Symphurus caribbeanus Western Atlantic 13 SL 1991
Symphurus chabanaudi Chabanaud's tonguefish Eastern Pacific 25 TL 1990
Symphurus civitatium Offshore tonguefish Northwestern Atlantic 17 TL 1951
Symphurus diabolicus Devil's tonguefish Southeast Pacific 11.3 SL 1990
Symphurus diomedeanus Spottedfin tonguefish Western Atlantic 22 TL 1885
Symphurus elongatus Elongate tonguefish Eastern Central Pacific 15.8 SL 1868
Symphurus fasciolaris Banded tongue-fish Eastern Central Pacific 24.5 TL 1892
Symphurus fuscus Western Indian Ocean 1906
Symphurus gilesii Western Central Pacific. 14 TL 1889
Symphurus ginsburgi Ginsburg's tonguefish Southwest Atlantic 9 SL 1976
Symphurus gorgonae Gorgonian tonguefish Eastern Pacific 8.2 SL 1948
Symphurus hondoensis Northwest Pacific 12.2 SL 1915
Symphurus insularis Eastern Atlantic 8.0 SL 2000
Symphurus jenynsi Jenyn's tonguefish Southwest Atlantic 31.9 SL 1906
Symphurus kyaropterygium Southwest Atlantic 12 SL 1976
Symphurus leei Lee's tonguefish Eastern Central Pacific 14.8 SL 1890
Symphurus leucochilus Northwest Pacific 6.7 SL 2014
Symphurus ligulatus Elongate tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 12.8 TL 1844
Symphurus lubbocki Southeast Atlantic 1990
Symphurus luzonensis Western Central Pacific 1955
Symphurus macrophthalmus Western Indian Ocean 1939
Symphurus maculopinnis Western Pacific 8.4 SL 2011
Symphurus maldivensis Western Indian Ocean 11 TL 1955
Symphurus marginatus Margined tonguefish Western Atlantic 14.6 SL 1886
Symphurus marmoratus Indo-Pacific 9.8 SL 1934
Symphurus megasomus Giant tonguefish Northwest Pacific 14.7 SL 2009
Symphurus melanurus Drab tonguefish Eastern Pacific 18.6 SL 1936
Symphurus melasmatotheca Blackstripe tonguefish Eastern Pacific 13.6 SL 1990
Symphurus microlepis Smallfin tonguefish Eastern Central Pacific 10 SL 1899
Symphurus microrhynchus Indo-Pacific 7.1 TL 1913
Symphurus minor Largescale tonguefish Western Atlantic 9 TL 1951
Symphurus monostigmus Western Indian Ocean 5.5 SL 2006
Symphurus multimaculatus Pepperdot tonguefish Pacific Ocean 9.4 SL 2009
Symphurus nebulosus Freckled tonguefish Western Atlantic 10 TL 1883
Symphurus nigrescens Tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 12 SL 1810
Symphurus normani Norman's tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 70 TL 1950
Symphurus novemfasciatus Northwest Pacific 1984
Symphurus ocellaris Ringtail tonguefish Eastern Central Pacific 7.3 SL 2005
Symphurus ocellatus Double-spot tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 12 TL 1922
Symphurus oculellus Western Atlantic 18.9 SL 1991
Symphurus oligomerus Spotfin tonguefish Eastern Pacific 14.6 SL 1990
Symphurus ommaspilus Ocellated tonguefish Western Central Atlantic 5.7 SL 1961
Symphurus orientalis Northwest Pacific 10 SL 1879
Symphurus parvus Pygmy tonguefish Western Atlantic 9 TL 1951
Symphurus pelicanus Longtail tonguefish Western Atlantic 9 TL 1951
Symphurus piger Deepwater tonguefish Western Atlantic 15 TL 1886
Symphurus plagiusa Blackcheek tonguefish Western Atlantic 21 TL 1766
Symphurus plagusia Duskycheek tonguefish Western Atlantic 25 TL 1801
Symphurus prolatinaris Halfstriped tonguefish Eastern Central Pacific 16.1 SL 1991
Symphurus pusillus Northern tonguefish Northwestern Atlantic 7.5 TL 1885
Symphurus regani Western Central Pacific 12 TL 1929
Symphurus reticulatus Eastern Atlantic 1990
Symphurus rhytisma Patchtail tonguefish Western Central Atlantic 4.5 SL 1961
Symphurus schultzi Western Pacific 1955
Symphurus septemstriatus Sevenband tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 10 TL 1891
Symphurus stigmosus Blotchfin tonguefish Western Central Atlantic 12.6 SL 1998
Symphurus strictus Blackbelly tonguesole Indo-Pacific 14 TL 1905
Symphurus tessellatus Western Atlantic 22 SL 1824
Symphurus thermophilus Western Pacific tonguefish Pacific 10.2 SL 2008
Symphurus trewavasae Trewavas' tonguefish Southwest Atlantic 18.2 TL 1948
Symphurus trifasciatus Threeband tonguesole Indian Ocean 11.6 SL 1894
Symphurus undatus Western Central Pacific 1905
Symphurus undecimplerus Dark cheek tongue Eastern Pacific 14.2 SL 1990
Symphurus urospilus Spottail tonguefish Western Atlantic 16.6 SL 1951
Symphurus vanmelleae Vanmelle’s tonguefish Eastern Central Atlantic 11.8 SL 1952
Symphurus variegatus Southeast Atlantic 9 TL 1903
Symphurus varius Mottled tonguefish Eastern Pacific 10.8 SL 1899
Symphurus williamsi William's tonguefish Eastern Pacific 11.6 SL 1895
Symphurus woodmasoni Eastern Indian Ocean 13.6 SL 1889



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013