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Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Moorish idol
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Zanclus cornutus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Zanclus cornutus (Moorish idol)
Zanclus cornutus
Picture by Field, R.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Zanclidae (Moorish idol)
Etymology: Zanclus: Greek, za = an augmentative particle + Greek, agklino = to be on one´s back (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin rcifal; profondeur 3 - 182 m (Ref. 9710), usually 5 - 182 m (Ref. 27115).   Subtropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 37°S, 21°E - 70°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Rapa and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to the Lord Howe Island. Eastern Pacific: southern Gulf of California to Peru (Ref. 9267).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 6113); common length : 21.0 cm NG mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5755)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 6 - 7; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 39-43; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 31 - 37. Strongly compressed discoid body. Tubular snout with a small mouth containing numerous elongate bristle-like teeth. Dorsal spines elongated into a whip-like filament.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit turbid inner lagoons, reef flats, and clear seaward rocky and coral reefs (Ref. 1602, 48637). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Generally encountered in small groups of 2 or 3 individuals (Ref. 9267). Adults occur singly, in pairs and occasionally are seen in large schools (Ref. 48637). Feed on small encrusting animals (Ref. 6113). Size of metamorphosis from postlarva to juvenile is 7.5 cm (Ref. 9267). The long pelagic larval stage is the reason for the wide distribution and strong colouration that shows no geographical variation (Ref. 48637). Popular aquarium fish but rarely survives in tanks (Ref. 1602).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: pcheries vivrires; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Sources Internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20 - 29, mean 27.7 (based on 4016 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00680 - 0.04443), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  .
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.