Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Pomadasys: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, dasys = with hair (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 250 m (Ref. 27000), usually ? - 100 m (Ref. 27000). Tropical
Eastern Atlantic: west coast of Africa, from Senegal to Angola (Ref. 57395). Also reported from Mauritania (Ref. 5377).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5476); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5476)
(total): 11 - 13;
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 27. Diagnosis: body oblong and compressed; snout rather short, about equal to eye diameter; 2 anterior pores on chin, followed by a median pit bearing openings of another pair of pores (Ref. 57395). A pore above posterior end of maxilla and under preorbital bone; last dorsal spine about the same length or even shorter, exceptionally somewhat longer, than penultimate one (Ref. 81655). 2nd anal fin spine longer and stouter than 3rd (Ref. 57395, 81655), third anal spine mostly much thinner (Ref. 81655). Caudal fin forked; scales slightly ctenoid; 6-8 scale rows between lateral line and middle of spinous dorsal-fin base (Ref. 57395).
Found over sand and mud (Ref. 2683) in coastal waters (Ref. 2683, 57395). Enters estuaries and lagoons (Ref. 2135, 57395). Feeds on other fish (Ref. 5377), shrimps, crabs, mollusks, annelids, zooplankton and detritus (Ref. 28587). Often confused with P. jubelini (Ref. 57395).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Roux, C., 1990. Haemulidae. p. 783-788. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6946)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.6 - 20.8, mean 17.9 (based on 36 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00700 - 0.03275), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.49 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .