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Cybiosarda elegans (Whitley, 1935)

Leaping bonito
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Cybiosarda elegans   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cybiosarda elegans (Leaping bonito)
Cybiosarda elegans
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Cybiosarda: Greek, kybion = tunna + Latin, sarda = sardine (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Whitley.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 50 - ? m.   Tropical; 6°S - 41°S, 108°E - 158°E (Ref. 168)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: restricted to the northern three quarters of Australia (absent from the south coast) and the southern coast of Papua New Guinea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); common length : 35.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 168)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 16 - 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-19; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 15 - 17; Vertebrae: 47 - 48. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body moderately short and deep, strongly compressed; mouth moderately large with upper jaw reaching to hind margin of eye; 2 tooth patches on upper surface of tongue; 13-22 large, conical teeth on upper jaw, 10-17 on lower jaw; 12-15 total gill rakers on first gill arch; l28-33 laminae of olfactory rosette; interorbital width 23.9 to 31% of head length; D1 XVI-XVIII,17-19, dorsal fins close together, the first high anteriorly, soft rays followed by 8-10 finlets; A 15-17 followed by 6-7 finlets; pectoral fins short with 22-24 rays; interpelvic process small and bifid; body mostly naked behind the well-developed corselet except for a band of scales along bases of dorsal and anal fins and patches of scales around bases of the pectoral and pelvic fins; caudal peduncle slender, with a well-developed lateral keel between 2 smaller keels on each side; no swimbladder, spleen not visible in ventral view, concealed under liver; liver with an elongate right lobe and a short left lobe which tends to fuse with the middle lobe; vertebrae 22-24 + 23-26 = 47-48. Colour of belly light with several stripes reminiscent of those of the skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis; back deep blue covered with elongate black spots; first dorsal fin jet black anteriorly, white in the few last posterior membranes; anal and second dorsal fins yellow (Ref. 9684).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

An epipelagic, neritic species that forms schools of several hundred individuals. Taken as bait for snappers by commercial fishers, and for marlins and sharks by sport fishers. Its meat is white and dry and is good when smoked or served steamed with moderately flavored white sauce.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; bait: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
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Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Spawning
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Fecundity
Eggs
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Age/Size
Growth
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Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.7 - 27.6, mean 26 (based on 165 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.