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Phyllonemus typus Boulenger, 1906

Spatula-barbeled catfish
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Image of Phyllonemus typus (Spatula-barbeled catfish)
Phyllonemus typus
Picture by Germeau, G./ Doumont, Y.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Claroteidae (Claroteid catfishes) > Claroteinae
Etymology: Phyllonemus: Greek, phyhllon = leaf + Greek, nema = filament (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce démersal; profondeur ? - 20 m (Ref. 3236).   Tropical; 3°S - 9°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Tanganyika.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.8 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3236)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit inshore waters to 20 m deep (Ref. 3236), and restricted to the rocky littoral zone (Ref. 38677). Rest on the bottom with the modified maxillary barbels (Ref. 6868). Nocturnally active meanwhile resting beneath rocks and within interstices in the rock or rubble substrata during the day (Ref. 38677). Oviparous (Ref. 205). First report of bi-parental mouthbrooding among catfishes (Ref. 38677). No value as food (Ref. 4967). Stomach contents examined consist of shrimps, occasionally debris from larval insects, and fish remains which apparently are clupeids (possibly Limnothrissa. Aquarium conditions: pH7.6; hardness of water 12; temperature tolerance 25°C; tank capacity, 60L; food, e.g. live worms, Daphnia; aquarium lighting, as dark as possible as long as fishes are visible; a peaceful, bottom-swimming fish which prefers a set-up with rocks, plants, and driftwood in an aquarium (Ref. 6398).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

First report of biparental mouthbrooding among catfishes (Ref. 38677). Either or both parents rear their eggs and yolk-sac larvae inside the mouth (Ref. 38677). Young are released from the mouth after the yolk-sac has been absorbed and kept guarded by both parents while feeding beneath rocks (Ref. 38677). After feeding, young return to the parent's mouth (Ref. 38677). No evidence of brooding was found among solitary individuals, additionally, females in this group have low gonadosomatic index (Ig) indicating that a strong bonding of pairs precede egg laying (Ref. 38677).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Risch, L.M., 1986. Bagridae. p. 2-35. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3236)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: d'intérêt potentiel; Aquarium: potentiel
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
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Stocks
Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
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Noms communs
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Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
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Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00335 - 0.01717), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.