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Phyllonemus typus Boulenger, 1906

Spatula-barbeled catfish
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Image of Phyllonemus typus (Spatula-barbeled catfish)
Phyllonemus typus
Picture by Germeau, G./ Doumont, Y.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Claroteidae (Claroteid catfishes) > Claroteinae
Etymology: Phyllonemus: Greek, phyhllon = leaf + Greek, nema = filament (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 居於水底的; 深度上下限 ? - 20 m (Ref. 3236).   熱帶; 3°S - 9°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Tanganyika.
非洲: 坦噶尼喀湖。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.8 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3236)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit inshore waters to 20 m deep (Ref. 3236), and restricted to the rocky littoral zone (Ref. 38677). Rest on the bottom with the modified maxillary barbels (Ref. 6868). Nocturnally active meanwhile resting beneath rocks and within interstices in the rock or rubble substrata during the day (Ref. 38677). Oviparous (Ref. 205). First report of bi-parental mouthbrooding among catfishes (Ref. 38677). No value as food (Ref. 4967). Stomach contents examined consist of shrimps, occasionally debris from larval insects, and fish remains which apparently are clupeids (possibly Limnothrissa. Aquarium conditions: pH7.6; hardness of water 12; temperature tolerance 25°C; tank capacity, 60L; food, e.g. live worms, Daphnia; aquarium lighting, as dark as possible as long as fishes are visible; a peaceful, bottom-swimming fish which prefers a set-up with rocks, plants, and driftwood in an aquarium (Ref. 6398).

棲息於近岸水域到20 公尺深 (參考文獻 3236), 而且侷限於岩石的海濱區域。 (參考文獻 38677) 用變異的顎觸鬚停留在底部上。 (參考文獻 6868) 夜行活躍的同時在岩石之下休息與在岩石或碎石下層土壤中在空隙裡面在白天期間.(參考文獻 38677) 卵生的.(參考文獻 205) 第一個在鯰魚之中的雙親口孵的報告.(參考文獻 38677) 沒有食用價值.(參考文獻 4967) 調查的胃內含物有蝦, 偶然地來自昆蟲幼蟲的殘礫 , 與顯然地是鯡魚的魚殘餘物 (可能地 Limnothrissa. 養殖環境條件: 酸鹼度 7.6; 水的硬度 12; 容忍溫度 25 °C; 水槽容積,60L; 食物,例如活蠕蟲, 水蚤 ; 水族館照明, 儘可能黑的,只要魚是看得見的; 在一個水族館偏愛一組岩石,植物與流木的一個和平又游泳底部的魚.(參考文獻 6398)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

First report of biparental mouthbrooding among catfishes (Ref. 38677). Either or both parents rear their eggs and yolk-sac larvae inside the mouth (Ref. 38677). Young are released from the mouth after the yolk-sac has been absorbed and kept guarded by both parents while feeding beneath rocks (Ref. 38677). After feeding, young return to the parent's mouth (Ref. 38677). No evidence of brooding was found among solitary individuals, additionally, females in this group have low gonadosomatic index (Ig) indicating that a strong bonding of pairs precede egg laying (Ref. 38677).非洲: 坦噶尼喀湖。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Risch, L.M., 1986. Bagridae. p. 2-35. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3236)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 潛在的興趣; 水族館: 潛在的
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

更多資訊

國家
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食物消耗量
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孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
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Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

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網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因組, 核甘) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia(, 搜尋) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00335 - 0.01717), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.