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Acanthostracion quadricornis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scrawled cowfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthostracion quadricornis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthostracion quadricornis (Scrawled cowfish)
Acanthostracion quadricornis
Picture by Pialek, L.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Ostraciidae (Boxfishes)
Etymology: Acanthostracion: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, ostrakon = shell (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 1 - 80 m (Ref. 26938), usually 10 - 30 m (Ref. 40849).   Subtropical; 43°N - 37°S, 98°W - 26°E

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean: in tropical and temperate waters (Ref. 3696). Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to southeastern Brazil. Reported from tip of South Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 22.2, range 17 - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 6937); common length : 20.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 3696)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 10; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 10. Dark markings on head and body; parallel bands on cheek. Pair of prominent spines projecting from in front of eyes suggests cow horns. Second pair of spines at lower rear corners of cuirass (Ref. 26938). Body deep, covered with hexagonal dermal plates (Ref. 37521).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Found in shallow water down to about 80 m, mainly in seagrass beds (Ref. 3696). Feeds on sessile invertebrates such as tunicates, gorgonians and anemones, as well as on slow-moving crustaceans, sponges (Ref. 3696), hermit crabs and marine plants (Ref. 13442). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Considered an excellent food fish; marketed fresh (Ref. 3696).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Matsuura, Keiichi | Collaboratori

Smith, M.M., 1986. Ostraciidae. p. 890-893. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3141)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Human uses

Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale; Acquario: Commerciale
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
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Prede
Consumo di cibo
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Nomi Comuni
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Metabolismo
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Fecundity
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.3 - 28, mean 25.4 (based on 458 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04074 (0.02370 - 0.07002), b=2.70 (2.54 - 2.86), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278):  Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (Fec = 112,536).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.