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Tor putitora (Hamilton, 1822)

Putitor mahseer
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Tor putitora
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klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar bentopelagis; pH range: 7.4 - 8.0; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 0 - ? m (Ref. 56197), usually 0 - 1 m (Ref. 56197).   Subtropical; 13°C - 30°C (Ref. 40948); 34°N - 20°N

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh (Ref. 4832), Bhutan (Ref. 9418) and Mynmar (Ref. 57739).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - ? cm
Max length : 275 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 6695); common length : 183 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 6694); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 54.0 kg (Ref. 1479)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 4; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 8; Duri dubur 2; Sirip dubur lunak: 5

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Inhabit streams, riverine pools and lakes. Found in rapid streams with rocky bottom (Ref. 41236). Omnivorous, feeding on fish, zooplankton, dipteran larvae and plant matter (Ref. 40948). Juveniles subsist on plankton while fingerlings feed mainly on algae (Ref. 40948). Ascend streams to breed over gravel and stones and returns to perennial ponds after breeding. The most common Himalayan mahseer and a very attractive sport fish, with excellent food value. Specimens over 30 cm and 5 kg in weight are rarely caught in recent times (Ref. 41236). Threatened due to over harvesting and habitat loss (Ref. 58490).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Migrate from the lower to the middle reaches of streams or rivers to spawn (Ref. 40949). Spawning takes place during low phase of flood (Ref. 56197). Fry are found among stones in marginal areas of the stream (Ref. 56197).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  terancam (EN) (A2abcd); Date assessed: 05 August 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Budidaya air: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Akuarium publik
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00720 - 0.01006), b=3.00 (2.95 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (tm=1.5; K=0.07; Fec=26,998).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.