You can sponsor this page

Tylochromis variabilis  Stiassny, 1989

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Tylochromis variabilis
Tylochromis variabilis
Picture by RMCA/Musschoot, T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  variabilis: Named with referene to the relatively wide range of body forms and degree of lower pharyngeal jaw development encompassed by the taxon (Ref. 52346).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 5°N - 12°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: middle and upper Congo River basin, including the Sankuru, Sangha, Ubangui, Uele, Kotto, Bomu, Lomami, Aruwimi, Itimbiri, Lindi-Tshopo, Lualaba, upper Lualaba and Chambezi, in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia (Ref. 52346). Also reported from the Sanga in Republic of Congo (Ref. 44840).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.6 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 2970)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8; Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Diagnosis: 33-35 lateral line scales; 15-16 gill-rakers along lower limb of first arch; entire premaxillary oral valve present; dorsal fin length of 55.4-65.5% SL (Ref. 52346).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Opportunistic benthic macrophage (Ref. 52346). Feeds on plants, insects and (to a lesser degree) molluscs (Ref. 52307). Maternal (Ref. 52307) mouthbrooder (Ref. 4910, 52307) that does not pair-bond (Ref. 52307).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Stiassny, M.L.J., 1989. A taxonomic revision of the African genus Tylochromis (Labroidei, Cichlidae); whith notes on the anatomy and relationships of the group. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent. Ser. 8, Sci. Zool., 258:1-161. (Ref. 52346)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.24 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.