分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋 居于水底的. 溫帶
Western Pacific: eastern Australia.
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 86741)
The following observations were reported for this species: adept at burrowing beneath the sand and swims beneath the sand; adults spend the winter months in moderately deep water, gradually move to shallower water in spring and on reaching maturity during summer months, collect in the vicinity of river mouths, where they spawn; the young, as soon as the yolk-sac is absorbed, make their way into the estuaries and gradually work up these even to far beyond the limit of the tide (e.g. in Hunter River); considered a delicious pan-fish, equal in flavor to Solea solea; prefers shellfish and worms that live on and in the substrate (Ref. 57560).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00500 - 0.02297), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 69278
): 中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .