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Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832)

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Acanthocybium solandri
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Acanthocybium: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, kybion. -ou = a tunna (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 20 m (Ref. 89972), usually 0 - 12 m (Ref. 5227).   Subtropical; 59°N - 48°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans: in tropical and subtropical waters, including the Caribbean and Mediterranean seas.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 99.3, range 85 - 105 cm
Max length : 250 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 30573); common length : 170 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9340); peso máx. Publicado: 83.0 kg (Ref. 168)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 23 - 27; Raios dorsais moles (total): 12-16; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 12 - 14; Vértebras: 62 - 64. Mouth large with strong, triangular, compressed and finely serrate teeth. Snout about as long as the rest of head. Posterior part of maxilla completely concealed under preorbital bone. Gill rakers absent. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder present. Body covered with small scales. No anterior corselet developed. The back is iridescent bluish green; the sides silvery with 24 to 30 cobalt blue vertical bars which extend to below the lateral line.

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

An oceanic, epipelagic species frequently solitary or forming small loose aggregations rather than compact schools. Feed on fishes and squids. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). An important sport fish in some areas (Ref. 9340). Marketed fresh, salted or spice-cured slices of meat; also frozen (Ref. 9987). Flesh of very good quality (Ref. 9684). Minimum depth from Ref. 005227.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Spawning seems to extend over a long period; fish in different maturity stages are frequently caught at the same time.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Collette, Bruce B. | Colaboradores

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30298)





Utilização humana

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; peixe desportivo: sim
FAO(pescarias: produção; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

Descarregue XML

Fontes da internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.2 - 27.6, mean 24.7 (based on 46871 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00282 (0.00203 - 0.00390), b=3.17 (3.08 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.34; tm=1-2 y; tmax >4; Fec=6 million).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Very high.