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Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832)

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Acanthocybium solandri
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) 鯖科 (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Acanthocybium: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, kybion. -ou = a tunna (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 20 m (Ref. 89972), usually 0 - 12 m (Ref. 5227).   熱帶; 59°N - 48°S, 180°W - 180°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans: in tropical and subtropical waters, including the Caribbean and Mediterranean seas.
大西洋,印度洋與太平洋: 在熱帶與亞熱帶的水域中, 包括加勒比海與地中海。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 99.3, range 85 - 105 cm
Max length : 250 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573); common length : 170 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9340); 最大體重: 83.0 kg (Ref. 168)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 23 - 27; 背的軟條 (總數): 12-16; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 12 - 14; 脊椎骨: 62 - 64. Mouth large with strong, triangular, compressed and finely serrate teeth. Snout about as long as the rest of head. Posterior part of maxilla completely concealed under preorbital bone. Gill rakers absent. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder present. Body covered with small scales. No anterior corselet developed. The back is iridescent bluish green; the sides silvery with 24 to 30 cobalt blue vertical bars which extend to below the lateral line.
嘴巴大的,有強的﹐三角形的﹐和扁長形而細鋸齒狀齒。 吻大約與其它的頭部一樣長。 顎骨的較後面的部分完全地在眶前骨下面隱藏。 鰓耙不存在。 腹鰭間的突起小而兩裂的。 有泳鰾。 身體覆蓋著小鱗片。 沒有前面的甲胄發展。 背部是彩虹色的藍綠色的; 側邊銀色的有在側線之下延伸到的 24 到 30個深藍色藍色的縱帶。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

An oceanic, epipelagic species frequently solitary or forming small loose aggregations rather than compact schools. Feed on fishes and squids. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). An important sport fish in some areas (Ref. 9340). Marketed fresh, salted or spice-cured slices of meat; also frozen (Ref. 9987). Flesh of very good quality (Ref. 9684). Minimum depth from Ref. 005227.

一個大洋性的, 表層魚種時常獨居性或形成小的鬆散魚群而不是緊密的魚群。 吃魚與烏賊。 在一些地區的一個重要的垂釣用魚.(參考文獻 9340) 在市場上銷售新鮮的﹐鹽醃的或肉切成薄片; 也冷凍的.(參考文獻 9987) 非常好品質的肉.(參考文獻 9684)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Spawning seems to extend over a long period; fish in different maturity stages are frequently caught at the same time.大西洋,印度洋與太平洋: 在熱帶與亞熱帶的水域中, 包括加勒比海與地中海。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Collette, Bruce B. | 合作者

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有雪卡魚毒中毒的報導 (Ref. 30298)





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.2 - 27.6, mean 24.7 (based on 46871 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00282 (0.00203 - 0.00390), b=3.17 (3.08 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.34; tm=1-2 y; tmax >4; Fec=6 million).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 3 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.