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Cephalopholis panamensis (Steindachner, 1876)

Pacific graysby
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Image of Cephalopholis panamensis (Pacific graysby)
Cephalopholis panamensis
Picture by Boyle, K.S.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 ? - 80 m (Ref. 55763), usually 30 - ? m (Ref. 89707).   熱帶; 32°N - 3°S, 115°W - 80°W (Ref. 5222)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands.
東太平洋: 加州灣到厄瓜多與加拉巴哥群島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 89707); common length : 20.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 55763)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 14-15; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: body depth 2.7-2.9 in SL; head length 2.3-2.5 in SL; rounded preopercle, finely serrate; posterior and anterior nostril subequal; third dorsal spine, longest, membranes incised between anterior spines; pectoral fins longer than pelvic fins, pectoral fin length 1.5-1.7 in head length; caudal fin rounded; lateral body scales strongly ctenoid; lateral line scales 48-49; lateral scale series 80-83 (Ref. 089707)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in coral reefs; also along rocky shores (Ref. 5222). A shy and secretive species (Ref. 5222). Feeds on fishes and crustaceans; reaches at least 25 years; recently confirmed as a protogynous hermaphrodite, spawning peaks in July and August in the Gulf of California (Ref. 089707).

发现于珊瑚礁了; 也沿着岩岸。 (参考文献 5222) 一个害羞与躲躲藏藏的种.(参考文献 5222)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東太平洋: 加州灣到厄瓜多與加拉巴哥群島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 December 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.9 - 26, mean 23.4 (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00845 - 0.02588), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=4; k=0.19).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .