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Cephalopholis panamensis (Steindachner, 1876)

Pacific graysby
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Cephalopholis panamensis
Picture by Boyle, K.S.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; standorttreu; tiefenbereich ? - 80 m (Ref. 55763), usually 30 - ? m (Ref. 89707).   Tropical; 32°N - 3°S, 115°W - 80°W (Ref. 5222)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 89707); common length : 20.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 55763)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 14-15; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: body depth 2.7-2.9 in SL; head length 2.3-2.5 in SL; rounded preopercle, finely serrate; posterior and anterior nostril subequal; third dorsal spine, longest, membranes incised between anterior spines; pectoral fins longer than pelvic fins, pectoral fin length 1.5-1.7 in head length; caudal fin rounded; lateral body scales strongly ctenoid; lateral line scales 48-49; lateral scale series 80-83 (Ref. 089707)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found in coral reefs; also along rocky shores (Ref. 5222). A shy and secretive species (Ref. 5222). Feeds on fishes and crustaceans; reaches at least 25 years; recently confirmed as a protogynous hermaphrodite, spawning peaks in July and August in the Gulf of California (Ref. 089707).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Partner

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 December 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.9 - 26, mean 23.4 (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00845 - 0.02588), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tmax=4; k=0.19).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .