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Etelis carbunculus Cuvier, 1828

Deep-water red snapper
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Etelis carbunculus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Etelis carbunculus (Deep-water red snapper)
Etelis carbunculus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Etelinae
Etymology: Etelis: Greek, etelis, -idos = a fish, perhaps the fish Sparus aurata (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser benthopelagisch; tiefenbereich 90 - 400 m (Ref. 9821), usually 200 - 350 m (Ref. 82366).   Tropical; 34°N - 25°S, 35°E - 150°W (Ref. 55)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Recorded in Three Kings Island, New Zealand (Ref. 35942). This name has been wrongly used for Etelis coruscans by some previous authors.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 61.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 127 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 2016); common length : 65.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5450); max. veröff. Alter: 32 Jahre (Ref. 92312)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 10; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 11; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 8. This species is distinguished by having the following characters: body relatively elongate, laterally compressed. Nostrils on each side of snout close together; lower jaw protruding slightly; premaxillae protrusible and maxilla extending to below middle of eye; both upper and lower jaws with conical teeth; 1 to several enlarged canines on each side of both jaws; vomer and palatines with teeth, those on vomer in a chevron-shaped patch; maxilla with scales, but without longitudinal ridges. Interorbital region flattened; gill rakers of first gill arch 5-8 + 11-14 = 17-22 (including rudiments; dorsal fin continuous, but spinous portion of fin deeply incised at its junction with soft portion; last soft ray of both dorsal and anal fins produced, longer than next to last ray; caudal fin forked, the lobes relatively short (about 25-30% SL) compared with its congeners; pectoral fins fairly long (in specimens > 19 cm SL), length of pectoral fins about 80-90% of head length, with 15-17 rays; membranes of dorsal and anal fins without scales; tubed lateral-line scales 48-50. Colour: mainly pink to red, becoming white on lower sides and belly (Rfe. 9821).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rocky bottoms (Ref. 30573). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on fishes and larger invertebrates such as squids, shrimps and crabs; also takes planktonic organisms, including pelagic urochordates. An important food fish in some areas. Marketed fresh or frozen (Ref. 55).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: hoch kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 23.1, mean 18 (based on 290 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01244 - 0.01929), b=2.95 (2.89 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  sehr niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert mehr als 14 Jahre. (K=0.07-0.31; tmax=35).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.