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Bregmaceros mcclellandi Thompson, 1840

Unicorn cod
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Bregmaceros mcclellandi
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Bregmacerotidae (Codlets)
Etymology: Bregmaceros: Greek, bregma = front of the head + Greek, keras, -atos = horn (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 26165).   Subtropical; 25°N - 6°N, 62°E - 100°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: confirmed from the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. Reports from outside this area are most likely misidentifications (A.S. Harold, pers. comm., 18/08/98) and name reported from western Pacific may be a misidentification of B. pseudolanceolatus (Ref. 114229).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4496); common length : 7.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 2872)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 57-66; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 58 - 69; Wirbelzahl: 52 - 58. Body is elongate, brownish and with speckling above and silvery below. The cheek and lower head also silver. Single occipital ray long and delicate, extending to near the middle of the second dorsal fin (Ref. 46075). Pelvic fins are jugular.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

If taxonomy is correct, both onshore in brackish water and oceanic. According to larval survey, occurrence in the tropics is wide (Ref. 9902, 45075). Feed on planktonic crustaceans. Also caught with bagnets (Ref. 2872).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Bailly, Nicolas | Partner

Cohen, D.M., 1990. Bregmacerotidae. p. 524-525. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4496)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell
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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.6 - 13.1, mean 8.8 (based on 755 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00158 - 0.00917), b=3.18 (2.97 - 3.39), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.42 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Assuming tm=1).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   High.