Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sinh thái học
; Nước ngọt Sống nổi và đáy. Subtropical; 42°N - 36°N, 9°W - 1°W
Europe: Iberian Peninsula in Douro, Tagus, Sado, Guadiana, Odiel, Guadalquivir and Quarteira drainages. Introduced in Júca drainage. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
Bộ gần gũi / Khối lượng (Trọng lượng) / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 556); common length : 15.0 cm TL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 556)
Các vây lưng mềm (tổng cộng): 7; Tia mềm vây hậu môn: 7 - 9. Diagnosed from other Cyprinidae in Iberian Peninsula by the following characters: barbels absent; dark midlateral stripe from snout to caudal base; body slender, depth 3.8-4.4 times in SL; 37-42 + 2-3 scales on lateral line; mouth opening upward; and anal fin with usually 8½ branched rays (Ref. 59043).
Lives in schools in lowland rivers and lakes. Feeds on invertebrates, chiefly small crustaceans and insect larvae. Breeds in April-May among aquatic plants and on stony bottoms in shallow water. Threatened due to pollution, habitat destruction and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100). The species is unique as it represents a stable all-male lineage nested within an almost all-female hybrid lineage (Ref. 49905).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Chín muồi sinh dục | Sự tái sinh sản | Đẻ trứng | Các trứng | Sự sinh sản | Ấu trùng
This species originated as a hybrid that is now recognized as a species and consists only of diploid males. The males mate with triploid females that are current hybrids. These females produce haploid eggs with chromosomes that are identical to those of the males. These matings apparently produce only males.
Collares-Pereira, M.J. and M.M. Coelho, 2010. Reconfirming the hybrid origin and generic status of the Iberian cyprinid complex Squalius alburnoides. J. Fish Biol. 76(3):707-115. (Ref. 106132)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Các nghề cá: không ích lợi (thú vị)
Các công cụ
Các nguồn internet
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00406 - 0.01705), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Mức dinh dưỡng (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Thích nghi nhanh (Ref. 69278
): Trung bình, thời gian nhân đôi của chủng quần tối thiểu là 1.4 - 4.4 năm (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .