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Squalius alburnoides (Steindachner, 1866)

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Squalius alburnoides
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性.   溫帶; 42°N - 36°N, 9°W - 1°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: Iberian Peninsula in Douro, Tagus, Sado, Guadiana, Odiel, Guadalquivir and Quarteira drainages. Introduced in Júca drainage. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
歐洲: 葡萄牙與西班牙南部的河.(從 Duero ,塔吼河,瓜迪亞納與瓜達爾基維爾河下游, 參考文獻 32724) 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 556); common length : 15.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 556)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 7; 臀鳍软条: 7 - 9. Diagnosed from other Cyprinidae in Iberian Peninsula by the following characters: barbels absent; dark midlateral stripe from snout to caudal base; body slender, depth 3.8-4.4 times in SL; 37-42 + 2-3 scales on lateral line; mouth opening upward; and anal fin with usually 8½ branched rays (Ref. 59043).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Lives in schools in lowland rivers and lakes. Feeds on invertebrates, chiefly small crustaceans and insect larvae. Breeds in April-May among aquatic plants and on stony bottoms in shallow water. Threatened due to pollution, habitat destruction and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100). The species is unique as it represents a stable all-male lineage nested within an almost all-female hybrid lineage (Ref. 49905).

生活在群游于低地的河川与湖泊。 繁殖于在水生植物之中的四月到五月与在浅水区中的多石底部上。 吃无脊椎动物, 主要地小型甲壳动物与昆虫幼生。 受到威胁的由于污染,栖息地破坏与其他鱼种的引入.(参考文献 26100) 此鱼种是独特的因为它代表被由一个几乎全部雌性的杂交子代所生产的一个完全都是雄性的世系。 (参考文献 49905)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

This species originated as a hybrid that is now recognized as a species and consists only of diploid males. The males mate with triploid females that are current hybrids. These females produce haploid eggs with chromosomes that are identical to those of the males. These matings apparently produce only males.歐洲: 葡萄牙與西班牙南部的河.(從 Duero ,塔吼河,瓜迪亞納與瓜達爾基維爾河下游, 參考文獻 32724) 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Collares-Pereira, M.J. and M.M. Coelho, 2010. Reconfirming the hybrid origin and generic status of the Iberian cyprinid complex Squalius alburnoides. J. Fish Biol. 76(3):707-115. (Ref. 106132)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (A3ce); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣
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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00406 - 0.01705), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .