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Aprion virescens Valenciennes, 1830

Green jobfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Aprion virescens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Aprion virescens (Green jobfish)
Aprion virescens
Picture by Allen, G.R.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) 笛鯛科 (Snappers) > Etelinae
Etymology: Aprion: Greek, a = without + Greek, prion = saw (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 0 - 180 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 35°N - 31°S, 33°E - 134°W (Ref. 55)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia.
印度-太平洋: 東非到夏威夷群島, 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲。 也記錄自南非。 (參考文獻 5484)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 44.9, range 42 - 50 cm
Max length : 112 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 7196); common length : 90.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5450); 最大體重: 15.4 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 10; 背的軟條 (總數): 11; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body elongate and robust; very distinct horizontal groove on snout ventral to nostrils; teeth in both jaws in bands, with strong canines anteriorly; teeth on roof of mouth in chevron- or crescent-shaped patch on vomer and in elongate band on each palatine; maxilla without scales or longitudinal ridges; interorbital region flattened; gill rakers on first gill arch 7-8 + 13-16 = 20-24; preopercular edge smooth, sometimes denticulated in juveniles; last soft ray of both dorsal and anal fins well produced, longer than next to last ray; caudal fin forked; short pectoral fins, less than 1/2 length of head, about equal to length of snout; D X,11 soft rays; membranes of dorsal and anal fins without scales; tubed lateral-line scales 48-50. Colour of body dark green, bluish, or grey-blue (Ref. 55, 9821).
前鰓蓋骨邊緣平滑的或有時有小齒的在稚魚中。 有在眼睛前面中的一個明顯的水平凹槽。 背鰭與臀鰭沒有鱗片。 鱗片列背面與側線平行。 色彩深綠色的到藍色或藍灰色。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit open waters of deep lagoons, channels, or seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Found in benthopelagic waters (Ref. 58302). Usually seen singly, but also in groups. They feed mainly on fishes, but also on shrimps, crabs, cephalopods and planktonic organisms (Ref. 30573, 48635). Mainly marketed fresh but also dried and salted. Excellent eating. Large individuals may be ciguatoxic (Ref. 37816).

棲息於深潟湖,峽道或臨海礁石的開放水域。 (參考文獻 9710) 通常各別地見到, 也成群。 主要吃魚, 也捕食蝦,螃蟹,頭足類動物與浮游生物生物.(參考文獻 30573,48635) 主要地在市場上銷售生鮮地了也乾燥與鹽醃的。 優良的食用魚。 大的個體可能具有熱帶海魚毒.(參考文獻 37816)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-太平洋: 東非到夏威夷群島, 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲。 也記錄自南非。 (參考文獻 5484)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有雪卡魚毒中毒的報導 (Ref. 4690)





人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 商業性
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.9 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 2222 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.01187 - 0.01681), b=2.95 (2.90 - 3.00), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.29; tm=4-5).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.