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Paranthias colonus (Valenciennes, 1846)

Pacific creole-fish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Paranthias colonus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paranthias colonus (Pacific creole-fish)
Paranthias colonus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Paranthias: Greek, para = in the side of, near + Greek, anthis = a fish, Sparus aurata (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 10 - 70 m (Ref. 5222).   Tropical; 33°N - 4°S, 115°W - 77°W (Ref. 5222)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru, including the Revillagigedo, Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, and Malpelo islands.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.6 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5592)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 18-21; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 9 - 11. Distinguished by the following characteristics: reddish or reddish grey body color with 2-3 bright blue or violet spots on dorsal part of body and another 2 on midlateral part of caudal peduncle; pectoral-fin axil with bright blue spot; dorsal fin base darker, fin margin reddish green; depth of body contained 2.9-3.4 times in SL; head length 3.2-4.0 times in SL; convex interorbital area; subangular preopercle with shallow notch, vertical edge and rear half of lower edge finely serrate; subequal posterior and anterior nostrils (Ref. 89707).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found typically in small aggregations well above the reef, but will retreat to the reef at the approach of danger. Feeds mainly on small planktonic animals picked individually from the water, made possible by their shortened snout which facilitates close-range binocular vision. Excellent source of bait (Ref. 9342).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Partner

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 December 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kleinfischerei; Köder: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.5 - 28.9, mean 25.9 (based on 76 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00524 - 0.02518), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.