Eupleurogrammus muticus, Smallhead hairtail : fisheries

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Eupleurogrammus muticus (Gray, 1831)

Smallhead hairtail
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Eupleurogrammus muticus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eupleurogrammus muticus (Smallhead hairtail)
Eupleurogrammus muticus
Picture by Assadi, H.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Trichiuridae (Cutlassfishes) 帶魚科 (Cutlassfishes) > Lepidopinae
Etymology: Eupleurogrammus: Greek, eu = good + Greek, pleura = near, on the side + Greek, gramma = mark, signal (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gray.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 底中水層性; 深度上下限 0 - 80 m (Ref. 6181).   熱帶; 41°N - 11°S, 47°E - 135°E (Ref. 6181)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: including the Persian Gulf, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, Gulf of Thailand, China and southern Korean Peninsula.
印度-西太平洋: 包括波斯灣,印度,斯里蘭卡,馬來西亞,印尼,泰國灣,中國與朝鮮半島南部。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 87.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 112044); 97.5 cm (female); common length : 50.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9688)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 3; 背的軟條 (總數): 140. Body extremely elongate, compressed and tapering to a point. Anal fin reduced to minute spinules buried in skin; caudal fin absent; pelvic fins present but reduced to a scale-like process. Lateral line running almost straight along midbody or slightly nearer the ventral contour. Color of fresh specimens steely blue with metallic reflections, becoming silvery gray after death.
身體非常細長, 扁長形的而且漸漸變細成一個尖點。 臀鰭縮小成被埋藏在皮膚之中的細小的小刺了; 尾鰭不存在; 腹鰭呈現但是縮小成一個像鱗片一樣的突起。 幾乎筆直地跑的側線沿著身體中央或些微地更靠近腹的輪廓。 新鮮標本的顏色鐵藍色的具有金屬的反光, 在死亡之後變成銀灰色。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters and often comes near the surface at night. Enters estuaries (Ref. 1479). Feeds on a wide variety of small fishes, squids and crustaceans. Marketed mainly in dried and salted forms (sometimes fresh), mixed with other trichiurids. Caught mainly with shore seines, bag nets and coastal bottom trawls in coastal waters down to about 50 m in West Bengal to Madras and around Bombay of India.

棲息於沿岸水域而且時常在晚上游到接近水表面處。 進入河口。 (參考文獻 1479) 吃各式各樣的小魚,烏賊與甲殼動物。 在市場上銷售主要在乾燥的與鹽醃的方式 (有時生鮮地),混和著其他的帶魚了。 主要地以岸曳網, 袋網捕捉了,而且在沿岸水域的海岸的底拖網在西孟加拉到馬德拉斯布與印度的孟買周圍向下至大約 50 公尺。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-西太平洋: 包括波斯灣,印度,斯里蘭卡,馬來西亞,印尼,泰國灣,中國與朝鮮半島南部。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Parin, Nikolay V. | 合作者

Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性
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網路資源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 29.1, mean 28.4 (based on 1170 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00046 (0.00027 - 0.00076), b=3.18 (3.03 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.