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Girella tricuspidata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Parore
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Girella tricuspidata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Girella tricuspidata
Picture by Schulz, S.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Girellidae (Nibblers)
  More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser benthopelagisch; tiefenbereich 0 - 20 m (Ref. 9002).   Temperate; 25°S - 43°S, 135°E - 180°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Pacific: southeastern Australia (southern Queensland to South Australia) and New Zealand.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 29.5, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 71.0 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 6390); common length : 35.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 2158); max. veröff. Gewicht: 4.0 kg (Ref. 6390); max. veröff. Alter: 24 Jahre (Ref. 95598)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults favor estuarine (including mangroves), rocky reef and inshore, coastal water habitats (Ref. 5962, 27248). They flourish in seagrass areas (Ref. 6390). Ludericks are moderately sedentary, schooling fish. They are herbivorous and feed primarily on seagrasses (Ref. 6390). Filamentous algae (Ref. 26966) and cabbage weed also form part of their diet (Ref. 28607). Marketed as fresh fish (Ref. 10384).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Maturing luderick form large aggregations. Mature fish undertake 'runs' from inside the rivers and coastal lakes to the sea. The fish spawn in the surf zone and estuary mouths (Ref. 6390).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993. Australian fisheries resources. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, Australia. 422 p. (Ref. 6390)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.6 - 23.6, mean 16.6 (based on 229 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00639 - 0.02064), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (K=0.2; Fec=300,000; tmax=24).
Prior r = 0.25, 95% CL = 0.14 - 0.47, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.