Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chromidotilapia: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 3 - ?. Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 2060)
Africa: only known from the Mungo and Wouri systems, Cameroon (Ref. 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 7. Diagnosis: 20-21 gill rakers on first gill arch; when stressed with 2 continuous dark bands on body; first dorsal fin spine 30-35% length of fifth spine; caudal fin rounded; dorsal head profile moderately convex; iris bright blue; upper lip brown; no black colouration in anterior dorsal fin of juveniles (Ref. 81260).
Feeds mainly on detritus and aufwuchs (Ref. 52307). Pairbonding, ovophilic, biparental mouthbrooder (Ref. 52307, 81260). Maximum TL was recorded at 9.3 cm (Ref. 5616).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female mouthbrooders, max. 150 eggs (Ref. 2060).
Daget, J., 1991. Chromidotilapia. p. 47-50. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5616)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00677 - 0.03085), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .