Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas)
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chromidotilapia: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Sauvage.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; Água doce bentopelágico; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19; potamódromo (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 16°N - 4°S, 17°W - 16°E
Africa: coastal basins from the river St. John in Liberia to lower Cameroon and the Benito River in Equatorial Guinea, in forest and northern adjoining savannah; also known from the Niger and the Bénoué River (Ref. 53405). Previously, two subspecies were recognized: Chromidotilapia guntheri guntheri and Chromidotilapia guntheri loennbergi.
Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm 6.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 83624)
Espinhos dorsais (total): 15 - 17; Raios dorsais moles (total): 9-12; Espinhos anais 3-4; Raios anais moles: 6 - 8. Diagnosis: 21-25 rakers on first gill arch; when stressed with two continuous dark bands on body; 1st dorsal fin spine 30-35% length of fifth spine; caudal fin truncate to subtruncate; dorsal head profile straight; iris yellow to brownish, posterior half sometimes red; upper lip white or pale blue; anterior 2-3 dorsal fin spines with black interspinous membrane in juveniles (Ref. 81260).
Substrate spawning, ovophilic, pair bonding, male mouthbrooding species (Ref. 81260). Both parents take care of the young after hatching (Ref. 47115).
Male mouthbrooder; both parents take care of the young after hatching (Ref. 47115). This corrects previous information from Ref. 26489.
Daget, J., 1991. Chromidotilapia. p. 47-50. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5616)
Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Ameaça para o homem
Aquário: Espécies comerciais
Fontes da internet
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.01270 - 0.01804), b=2.98 (2.93 - 3.03), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179
): Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (tm<1).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .