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Chromidotilapia guntheri (Sauvage, 1882)

Guenther's mouthbrooder
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Image of Chromidotilapia guntheri (Guenther\
Chromidotilapia guntheri
Female picture by Nilsson, K.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chromidotilapia: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Sauvage.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar bentopelagis; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 16°N - 4°S, 17°W - 16°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Africa: coastal basins from the river St. John in Liberia to lower Cameroon and the Benito River in Equatorial Guinea, in forest and northern adjoining savannah; also known from the Niger and the Bénoué River (Ref. 53405). Previously, two subspecies were recognized: Chromidotilapia guntheri guntheri and Chromidotilapia guntheri loennbergi.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 6.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 83624)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 15 - 17; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 9-12; Duri dubur 3-4; Sirip dubur lunak: 6 - 8. Diagnosis: 21-25 rakers on first gill arch; when stressed with two continuous dark bands on body; 1st dorsal fin spine 30-35% length of fifth spine; caudal fin truncate to subtruncate; dorsal head profile straight; iris yellow to brownish, posterior half sometimes red; upper lip white or pale blue; anterior 2-3 dorsal fin spines with black interspinous membrane in juveniles (Ref. 81260).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Substrate spawning, ovophilic, pair bonding, male mouthbrooding species (Ref. 81260). Both parents take care of the young after hatching (Ref. 47115).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Male mouthbrooder; both parents take care of the young after hatching (Ref. 47115). This corrects previous information from Ref. 26489.

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | mitra

Daget, J., 1991. Chromidotilapia. p. 47-50. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5616)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Akuarium: Komersial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

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Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Akuarium publik | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.01270 - 0.01804), b=2.98 (2.93 - 3.03), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (tm<1).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .