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Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810

Blackmouth catshark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Galeus melastomus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks)
Etymology: Galeus: Greek, galeos = a shark (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Rafinesque.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser demersal; tiefenbereich 55 - 1873 m (Ref. 55744), usually 150 - 1200 m (Ref. 35388).   Deep-water; 64°N - 14°N, 19°W - 36°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Faeroe Islands and Trondheim, Norway southward to Senegal. Mediterranean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 64.7, range 56 - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 40637); 90.0 cm TL (female); common length : 50.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. ); max. veröff. Gewicht: 1.4 kg (Ref. 40637)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Depth range is reported at 55m-1200m in Ref. 9996. Found on the outer continental shelves and upper slopes. Feeds mainly on bottom invertebrates, including shrimps and cephalopods, but also on small pelagic bony fishes (lanternfishes) and other small elasmobranchs. Oviparous, with up to 13 eggs present in the oviducts at one time. Individuals from the Ionian Sea apparently reproduces from end of February to September and eggs are laid between 200 and 600 meters (Ref. 87978). Utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption, and for leather.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Partner

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 October 2003

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.4 - 14.4, mean 10.3 (based on 708 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00257 (0.00214 - 0.00309), b=3.03 (2.98 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (Fec assumed to be <100).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   High.