Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal. Deep-water; 34°N -
Western Pacific: off Japan and the East China Sea; possibly Viet Nam (Ref. 11146). Recorded in the Philippines during the MUSORSTOM November 1980 cruise.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 36 - 37 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11146)
A little-known, but very common shark, found in deep water near the bottom (Ref. 11146). Maximum length of at least 40 cm TL, probably reaching 50 cm (Ref. 11146).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with a single egg laid per oviduct (Ref. 244). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.6 - 5.8, mean 3.8 (based on 706 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00159 - 0.00631), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .